Abstract

The self-channeling of ultrashort laser pulses through 20 m of air was demonstrated. The channeled pulse was measured to have 0.75 mJ of energy, a diameter of 80 μm FWHM, and a modulated spectrum. All these values were measured to be fairly constant during the propagation of the pulse. A preliminary model is shown to explain these results.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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1993 (2)

S. C. Rae, Opt. Commun. 97, 25 (1993); R. Rankin, C. E. Capjack, N. H. Burnett, and P. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 16, 835 (1991); L. A. Lompre, P. Monot, T. Auguste, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1860, 51 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

1989 (1)

1979 (1)

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146 (1988).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

A. Javan and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 470 (1966).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Burnett, K.

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, R. S. F.

Chernev, P.

Dawson, J. M.

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146 (1988).
[Crossref]

Diels, J.-C.

X. M. Zhao, C. Y. Yeh, J.-C. Diels, and C. Y. Wang, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 264.
[Crossref]

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Djeu, N.

Du, D.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elizondo, J. M.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Fay, A. T.

Javan, A.

A. Javan and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 470 (1966).
[Crossref]

Kelley, P. L.

A. Javan and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 470 (1966).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Liu, X.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

X. Liu and D. Umstadter, in Short Wavelength V, Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 45.

Milchberg, H. M.

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

Petrov, V.

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae, Opt. Commun. 97, 25 (1993); R. Rankin, C. E. Capjack, N. H. Burnett, and P. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 16, 835 (1991); L. A. Lompre, P. Monot, T. Auguste, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1860, 51 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1984), pp. 303–324.

Simoji, Y.

Tajima, T.

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146 (1988).
[Crossref]

Umstadter, D.

X. Liu and D. Umstadter, in Short Wavelength V, Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 45.

Wang, C. Y.

X. M. Zhao, C. Y. Yeh, J.-C. Diels, and C. Y. Wang, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 264.
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. Y.

X. M. Zhao, C. Y. Yeh, J.-C. Diels, and C. Y. Wang, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 264.
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. M.

X. M. Zhao, C. Y. Yeh, J.-C. Diels, and C. Y. Wang, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 264.
[Crossref]

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Javan and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 470 (1966).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. C. Rae, Opt. Commun. 97, 25 (1993); R. Rankin, C. E. Capjack, N. H. Burnett, and P. Corkum, Opt. Lett. 16, 835 (1991); L. A. Lompre, P. Monot, T. Auguste, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1860, 51 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, A. Ting, and G. Joyce, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2146 (1988).
[Crossref]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

X. M. Zhao, C. Y. Yeh, J.-C. Diels, and C. Y. Wang, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993), p. 264.
[Crossref]

X. Liu and D. Umstadter, in Short Wavelength V, Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 45.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1984), pp. 303–324.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, J. M. Elizondo, A. Braun, X. Liu, D. Du, G. Korn, and G. Mourou, in Ultrafast Phenomena, Vol. 7 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThD24.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Whole-beam self-focusing data, showing a critical power of 10 GW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Filament diameter with a Gaussian fit showing a FWHM of 80 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized energy per filament, showing a constant value of ~0.75 mJ.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Self-phase modulation (SPM) measured during whole-beam self-focusing but without beam filamentation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral data of the filament, with the modulated spectrum of the trapped pulse fairly constant at different distances. The short-wavelength side of the spectrum is clipped because of the detector array.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Computer simulation results. The self-focused intensity is clamped as a result of the generated plasma (solid curve). The dashed curve shows the pulse propagating in vacuum.

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