Abstract

We report quasi-phase-matched optical parametric amplification and oscillation in a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide. Single-pass parametric gains of 4.1 dB, corresponding to 18%/W efficiency, were achieved at a signal wavelength of 1.55 μm with a pump wavelength of 782.2 nm. We formed a low-finesse cavity resonant at both signal and idler wavelengths by attaching mirrors to the waveguide end faces. Parametric oscillation was observed at wavelengths between 1.4 and 1.7 μm with a peak output power of 700 mW for pump wavelengths between 779 and 782 nm.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).
  2. W. Sohler, H. Suche, presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, Calif., 1981.
  3. H. Suche, W. Sohler, in Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Vol. 5 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 176.
  4. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Ducuing, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 133, A1493 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16,1844 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. A. Bogert, D. T. Moser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 632 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (3)

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16,1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

G. A. Bogert, D. T. Moser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 632 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

J. Ducuing, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 133, A1493 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Banti, X.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bava, G. P.

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. Ducuing, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 133, A1493 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bogert, G. A.

G. A. Bogert, D. T. Moser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 632 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16,1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

de Micheli, M.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Delacourt, D.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. Ducuing, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 133, A1493 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16,1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hertz, H. M.

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Montrosset, I.

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Moser, D. T.

G. A. Bogert, D. T. Moser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 632 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nouh, S.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Suche, W. Sohler, in Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Vol. 5 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 176.

W. Sohler, H. Suche, presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, Calif., 1981.

Suche, H.

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Suche, W. Sohler, in Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Vol. 5 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 176.

W. Sohler, H. Suche, presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, Calif., 1981.

Yang, S. T.

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. J. Lim, H. M. Hertz, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2207 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Baldi, S. Nouh, M. de Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, D. Delacourt, X. Banti, M. Papuchon, Electron. Lett. 17, 1539 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. M. Fejer, G. A Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Bava, I. Montrosset, W. Sohler, H. Suche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 42 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. A. Bogert, D. T. Moser, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 632 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16,1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 18, 973 (1993).

Phys. Rev. (2)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Ducuing, N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. 133, A1493 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. Sohler, H. Suche, presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, Calif., 1981.

H. Suche, W. Sohler, in Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Vol. 5 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1988), p. 176.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Quasi-phase-matched parametric gain at λs = 1.55 μm and associated difference frequency generation near λi ≈ 1.58 μm versus pump wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength dependence of the transmission of a single-mode, 1.5-μm laser through the waveguide cavity before [curve (a)] and after [curve ( b)] the mirrors are attached. The data are independently normalized to unity peak transmission.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OPO output pulse and pump pulse coupled into and out of the OPO. The total OPO output power exceeded 700 mW, with a peak pump power coupled into the waveguide of 7.7 W.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OPO signal and idler wavelengths versus pump wavelength.

Equations (2)

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P th = 1 η nor [ α p 1 - exp ( - α p L ) ln ( Q + Q 2 - 1 ) ] 2 ,
Q = 1 + R s R i exp ( - 4 α L ) ( R s + R i ) exp ( - 2 α L ) ,

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