Abstract

Both the center wavelength and the sidelobe structure of an integrated acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) are determined by the effective waveguide birefringence along the length of the device. By altering the birefringence by means of the electro-optic effect, one can control these device characteristics in potentially useful ways. Electro-optic tuning of the center frequency of an AOTF is demonstrated, and it is shown that this tuning mode, while limited to smaller ranges than acoustic frequency tuning, is many orders of magnitude faster. By use of multisection electrodes, dynamic control over the shape of the filter function is demonstrated. Finally, a number of practical uses of this technique are discussed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Kar-Roy, C. S. Tsai, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 90.
  5. D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 923 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. R. Trutna, D. W. Dolfi, C. A. Flory, Opt. Lett. 18, 28 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. X. F. Cao, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 463.
  10. L. D. Hutcheson, ed., Integrated Optical Circuits and Components (Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 6, p. 197.
  11. D. W. Dolfi, T. R. Ranganath, Electron. Lett. 28, 1197 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (3)

1992 (2)

D. W. Dolfi, T. R. Ranganath, Electron. Lett. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 923 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

Aronson, L. B.

Baran, J. E.

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Braun, J. E.

D. A Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Braun, H. Herrmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cao, X. F.

X. F. Cao, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 463.

Cheung, K.-W.

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

d’Alessandro, A.

D. A Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Braun, H. Herrmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D. W.

Flory, C. A.

Harris, S. E.

Heffner, B. L.

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, H.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

D. A Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Braun, H. Herrmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. J.

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 923 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kar-Roy, A.

A. Kar-Roy, C. S. Tsai, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 90.

Müller-Reich, P.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ranganath, T. R.

D. W. Dolfi, T. R. Ranganath, Electron. Lett. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rankin, G.

Reimann, V.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seibert, H.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A

D. A Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Braun, H. Herrmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 923 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Trutna, W. R.

Tsai, C. S.

A. Kar-Roy, C. S. Tsai, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 90.

Wallace, R. W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. A Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Braun, H. Herrmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. W. Dolfi, T. R. Ranganath, Electron. Lett. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, B. L. Heffner, K.-W. Cheung, J. E. Baran, Electron. Lett. 25, 898 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Hermann, P. Müller-Reich, V. Reimann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, Electron. Lett. 28, 642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. A. Smith, J. J. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 923 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

A. Kar-Roy, C. S. Tsai, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 90.

X. F. Cao, in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 10 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 463.

L. D. Hutcheson, ed., Integrated Optical Circuits and Components (Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 6, p. 197.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Top) Single-section electrode structure for birefringence tuning. (Bottom) Multisection electrode structure for use in sidelobe control.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Top) Measured tuning curves over a range of control voltages for a 50-mm AOTF with a single-section tuning electrode. Input and output are both TE polarization. (Bottom) Acoustic frequency of peak conversion as a function of tuning voltage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured tuning curves for a device with a three-section electrode. Curves are shown for a variety of bias voltage sets.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ Δ n = δ n TE - δ n TM 1 2 ( n e 3 r 33 - n 0 3 r 13 ) Γ V d ,
Δ β = 2 π Δ n λ p - 2 π f a v a = 0 λ p = Δ n v a f a ,
Δ λ p λ p δ Δ n Δ n 1 2 ( n e 3 r 33 - n 0 3 r 13 ) Δ n Γ V d .

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