Abstract

I provide a theoretical analysis of the refractive-index dependence of attenuation in antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides. The results are used to explain the mechanism of the intensity modulation in antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide structures, in terms of both reflection and interference phenomena in the cladding system.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Mann, U. Trutschel, F. Lederer, L. Leine, C. Wächter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1612 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 742 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1989), p. 61.

1993 (2)

J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Austin, M. W.

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1989), p. 61.

Chilwell, J.

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gazecki, J.

J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hodgkinson, I.

Koch, T. L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kubica, J. M.

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

Leine, L.

Malag, A.

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mann, M.

Pfeiffer, L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, G. K.

J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Trutschel, U.

Wächter, C.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1989), p. 61.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. M. Kubica, A. Malag, J. Gazecki, M. W. Austin, G. K. Reeves, Electron. Lett. 29, 1058 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. M. Kubica, J. Gazecki, G. K. Reeves, Opt. Commun. 102, 217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1989), p. 61.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of the ARROW structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Attenuation of TEm (solid curves) and TMm (dashed curves) modes as a function of the refractive-index difference between the core and the second cladding layer, n1n3, with a constant value of n1 = 3.28. Other parameters are d1 = 4.0 μm, d2 = 0.14 μm, d3 = 2.0 μm, n0 = 1.0, n2 = 3.58, and ns = 3.64. The wavelength λ = 0.83 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attenuation of TEm (solid curves) and TMm (dashed curves) modes versus detuning of the refractive index of the first cladding layer from its antiresonant value n 2 - n 2 AR. n1 = n3 = 3.28, and the other parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Attenuation of TE modes as a function of the refractive-index difference between the core and the second cladding layer, n1n3, with a constant value of n1 = 3.28, for d3 = 2.0 μm (solid curves) and d3 = 3.2 μm (dashed curves). The parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

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d 2 ( 3 ) = λ 4 n 2 ( 3 ) { 1 - [ n 1 n 2 ( 3 ) ] 2 + [ λ 2 n 2 ( 3 ) d 1 ] 2 } - 1 / 2 ( 2 N + 1 ) ,

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