Abstract

We describe and demonstrate new modes of operation of a nonlinear electro-optic Fabry–Perot device that can be obtained by using reflected-light feedback. Very precise optical limiting and clipping characteristics can be achieved by suitably tailoring the resonator characteristics.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Seidel, U.S. patent3,610,731.
  2. A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Austin, L. G. DeShazer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 650 (1971).
  4. E. Spiller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 669 (1971).
  5. E. Spiller, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1673 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. L. McCall, Phys. Rev. A 9, 1515 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Szöke, U.S. patent3,813,605.
  8. S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).
  9. S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).
  10. H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14 (1978) (to be published).

1977 (2)

T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).

1974 (1)

S. L. McCall, Phys. Rev. A 9, 1515 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

E. Spiller, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

J. W. Austin, L. G. DeShazer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 650 (1971).

E. Spiller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 669 (1971).

1969 (1)

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Austin, J. W.

J. W. Austin, L. G. DeShazer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 650 (1971).

Churchill, G. G.

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

Daneau, V.

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

J. W. Austin, L. G. DeShazer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 650 (1971).

Felber, F. S.

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).

Goldhar, J.

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kurnit, N. A.

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Maloney, P. J.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14 (1978) (to be published).

Marburger, J. H.

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731 (1976).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S. L.

T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

S. L. McCall, Phys. Rev. A 9, 1515 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, H.

H. Seidel, U.S. patent3,610,731.

Smith, P. W.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14 (1978) (to be published).

Spiller, E.

E. Spiller, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

E. Spiller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 669 (1971).

Szöke, A.

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. Szöke, U.S. patent3,813,605.

Turner, E. H.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14 (1978) (to be published).

Venkatesan, T. N. C.

T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Szöke, V. Daneau, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376 (1969).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Felber, J. H. Marburger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 731 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, G. G. Churchill, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 636 (1975).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. Spiller, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

J. W. Austin, L. G. DeShazer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 650 (1971).

E. Spiller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 669 (1971).

S. L. McCall, H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 1184 (1975).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. L. McCall, Phys. Rev. A 9, 1515 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. Seidel, U.S. patent3,610,731.

A. Szöke, U.S. patent3,813,605.

P. W. Smith, E. H. Turner, P. J. Maloney, IEEE J. Quantum Electron.QE-14 (1978) (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of bistable Fabry–Perot devices: (a) with transmitted-light feedback, (b) with reflected-light feedback.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Fraction of light transmitted, Pt/Pi as a function of phase shift, ϕ, for several values of incident power. Transmitted-light feedback. (b) Corresponding plot of power transmitted versus power incident.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Fraction of light reflected, Pr/Pi as a function of phase shift, ϕ, for several values of incident power. Reflected-light feedback. (b) Corresponding plot of power reflected versus power incident.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental plots of (a) transmitted and (b) reflected power versus incident power for the case in which the modulator is driven by the transmitted power. The numbers refer to the resonator tuning in units of the resonator mode spacing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental plots of (a) transmitted and (b) reflected power versus incident power for the case in which the modulator is driven by the reflected power. The numbers refer to the resonator tuning in units of the resonator mode spacing.

Equations (8)

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τ = P t P i = T 2 T 2 + 4 R sin 2 ϕ ,
ρ = P r P i = 4 R sin 2 ϕ T 2 + 4 R sin 2 ϕ ,
ϕ = 2 π nl / λ + K P t ,
τ = P t P i = ϕ 2 π nl / λ K P i .
ϕ = 2 π n l / λ + C P r .
ρ = P r P i = ϕ 2 π n l / λ C P i ,
ρ = [ a R 1 R 2 ( R 1 + T 1 ) R 1 ] 2 / R 1 + 4 a R 1 R 2 ( R 1 + T 1 ) sin 2 ϕ ( 1 a R 1 R 2 ) 2 + 4 a R 1 R 2 sin 2 ϕ .
a R 1 R 2 ( R 1 + T 1 ) = R 1 .

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