We demonstrate that picosecond mode-locked laser-based degenerate four-wave mixing can be detected with good signal-to-noise ratios in an optically thin flame and that detailed turbulence statistics can be acquired by use of this technique. A regeneratively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser was tuned to the transition in atomic potassium (which was doped into the flame) at 769.9 nm. Using the all-forward degenerate four-wave mixing geometry, we achieved signal-to-noise ratios of 70:1 without the use of a spatial filter. A sensitivity curve and a method for acquiring turbulence statistics are presented.
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