Abstract

We report time-to-space mapping of femtosecond light pulses in a temporal holography setup. By reading out a temporal hologram of a short optical pulse with a continuous-wave diode laser, we accurately convert temporal pulse-shape information into a spatial pattern that can be viewed with a camera. We demonstrate real-time acquisition of electric-field autocorrelation and cross correlation of femtosecond pulses with this technique.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Haner, W. S. Warren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1458 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, in Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics, T. C. L. Sollner, D. M. Bloom, eds., Vol. 4 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 81.
  4. K. Ema, F. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 631 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. S. Weaver, J. W. Goodman, Appl. Opt. 5, 1248 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, T. H. Chiu, D. T. H. Liu, Opt. Lett. 18, 906 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1993

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, T. H. Chiu, D. T. H. Liu, Opt. Lett. 18, 906 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

Y. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Ema, F. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 631 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

1986

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1966

Chiu, T. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, T. H. Chiu, D. T. H. Liu, Opt. Lett. 18, 906 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ema, K.

K. Ema, F. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 631 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, T. H. Chiu, D. T. H. Liu, Opt. Lett. 18, 906 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodman, J. W.

Haner, M.

M. Haner, W. S. Warren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1458 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

Kirschner, E. M.

Knox, W. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, in Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics, T. C. L. Sollner, D. M. Bloom, eds., Vol. 4 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 81.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D. T. H.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mazurenko, Y. T.

Y. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, A.

T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, in Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics, T. C. L. Sollner, D. M. Bloom, eds., Vol. 4 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 81.

O’Bryan, H. M.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Paek, E. G.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Partovi, A.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, T. H. Chiu, D. T. H. Liu, Opt. Lett. 18, 906 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D. H.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, F.

K. Ema, F. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 631 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

M. Haner, W. S. Warren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1458 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Weaver, C. S.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, Opt. Lett. 17, 224 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zydzik, G. J.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. T. Mazurenko, Appl. Phys. B 50, 101 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Haner, W. S. Warren, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1458 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, W. H. Knox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, J. R. Wullert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, E. G. Paek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

K. Ema, F. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 631 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Kobayashi, A. Morimoto, in Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics, T. C. L. Sollner, D. M. Bloom, eds., Vol. 4 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 81.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of our setup for time-to-space mapping. Although a transmission grating is shown here for clarity, the experiment uses a regular reflection grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation peaks as recorded by an array detector in the detector plane with 100-fs pulses for both the signal and the reference beams. The different traces are for different time delays between both pulses, with a 333-fs delay between successive traces. The FWHM of each peak is 85 μm, corresponding to approximately 145 fs. The inset shows the position of the correlation peaks as a function of the time delay between the two input pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross correlation between two 100-fs pulses, where one of the pulses has been stretched by propagation through a 50-cm-long single-mode fiber. Compared with that in Fig. 2, the FWHM is broadened to 0.2 mm (~340 fs).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E S ( ω ) + E R ( ω ) 2 = E S ( ω ) 2 + E R ( ω ) 2 + E S * ( ω ) E R ( ω ) + E S ( ω ) E R * ( ω ) .
E ( x , ω ) = exp [ i β ( ω - ω 0 ) x / c ] E 0 ( ω ) ,
E ( x , t ) = E 0 ( t - β x / c ) .
Δ t Δ x = β c λ w f w λ r f r ,

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