Abstract

A polarization-sensitive two-dimensional wave-optics simulation was constructed to handle the birefringence of strongly pumped solid-state rods. The simulation showed that 1.2 times diffraction-limited high-quality beams can be generated from a strongly pumped solid-state rod by use of an unstable resonator without degradation of the beam quality by the thermally induced birefringence in the rod.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Laser Focus World: The Buyers Guide 1993 (Penwell, Tulsa, Okla., 1993).
  2. B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.
  3. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chaps. 5-7, pp. 168–401.
  4. N. Hodgson, S. Dong, Q. Lü, Opt. Lett. 18, 1727 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).
  6. K. Yasui, S. Yagi, M. Tanaka, Appl. Opt. 29, 1277 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.
  8. N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS8.
  9. N. Hodgson, G. Bostanjoglo, H. Weber, Opt. Commun. 99, 75 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, Opt. Lett. 18, 116 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. G. Fox, T. Li, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 40, 453 (1961).
  12. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 16, pp. 632–634.
  13. K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J.-l. Doumont, “Laser beam and resonator calculations on desktop computers,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1991), Chap. 1, p. 1.
  15. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7, pp. 361–366,
  16. A. E. Sieginan, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, p. 697.
  17. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 23, pp. 894–895.

1993

1990

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).

K. Yasui, S. Yagi, M. Tanaka, Appl. Opt. 29, 1277 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1961

A. G. Fox, T. Li, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 40, 453 (1961).

Albrecht, G.

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

Beach, R.

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

Bostanjoglo, G.

N. Hodgson, G. Bostanjoglo, H. Weber, Opt. Commun. 99, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. S.

Comaskey, B.

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

De Silvestri, S.

V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.

Dong, S.

Doumont, J.-l.

J.-l. Doumont, “Laser beam and resonator calculations on desktop computers,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1991), Chap. 1, p. 1.

Fox, A. G.

A. G. Fox, T. Li, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 40, 453 (1961).

Haase, T.

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS8.

Hodgson, N.

N. Hodgson, G. Bostanjoglo, H. Weber, Opt. Commun. 99, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Hodgson, S. Dong, Q. Lü, Opt. Lett. 18, 1727 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS8.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7, pp. 361–366,

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chaps. 5-7, pp. 168–401.

Li, T.

A. G. Fox, T. Li, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 40, 453 (1961).

Lü, Q.

Magni, V.

V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.

Mitchell, S.

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

Seamans, J. F.

Sieginan, A. E.

A. E. Sieginan, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, p. 697.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 23, pp. 894–895.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 16, pp. 632–634.

Sutton, S.

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

Svelto, O.

V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.

Tanaka, M.

K. Yasui, S. Yagi, M. Tanaka, Appl. Opt. 29, 1277 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, S. C.

Valentini, G. L.

V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.

Weber, H.

N. Hodgson, G. Bostanjoglo, H. Weber, Opt. Commun. 99, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS8.

Yagi, S.

K. Yasui, S. Yagi, M. Tanaka, Appl. Opt. 29, 1277 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, K.

K. Yasui, S. Yagi, M. Tanaka, Appl. Opt. 29, 1277 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

A. G. Fox, T. Li, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 40, 453 (1961).

J. Appl. Phys.

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 17 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

N. Hodgson, G. Bostanjoglo, H. Weber, Opt. Commun. 99, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1277, 70 (1990).

Other

Laser Focus World: The Buyers Guide 1993 (Penwell, Tulsa, Okla., 1993).

B. Comaskey, G. Albrecht, R. Beach, S. Sutton, S. Mitchell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CWI5.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chaps. 5-7, pp. 168–401.

V. Magni, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. L. Valentini, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThD1.

N. Hodgson, T. Haase, H. Weber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThS8.

J.-l. Doumont, “Laser beam and resonator calculations on desktop computers,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1991), Chap. 1, p. 1.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 7, pp. 361–366,

A. E. Sieginan, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, p. 697.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 23, pp. 894–895.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 16, pp. 632–634.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Theoretical model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Resonator round-trip loss (open circles) and beam-quality factor (filled circles) as functions of the birefringence factor defined by the round-trip optical-path difference between ϕ- and r-polarization waves at the outer edge in the cross section of a solid-state rod at equivalent Fresnel number Neq = 0.75 and magnification M = 2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beam pattern and its s- and p-polarization components of a strongly pumped solid-state laser with an unstable resonator of magnification M = 2 and equivalent Fresnel number Neq = 0.75.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Round-trip loss (filled circles) and beam-quality factor (open circles) versus equivalent Fresnel number of an unstable resonator with magnification M = 2 calculated by a wave-optics simulation based on a two–dimensional fast Fourier transform. The dashed and dotted curves are calculations by the virtual-source theory.

Equations (3)

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E s , linear = E s , depolarized s + E p , depolarized s ,
E p , linear = E s , depolarized p + E p , depolarized p ,
θ = sin - 1 E p ( E p 2 + E s 2 ) 1 / 2 .

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