Abstract

Aperture guiding, as opposed to thermal waveguiding, is shown to be the dominant mechanism for cavity mode stabilization in a quasi-three-level Yb:YAGlaser in a flat–flat resonator. Excellent agreement is obtained between the experimental and modeled spot sizes in this laser when aperture guiding is included in the model. The models show that the spot size is insensitive to the exact form of the dependence of the transmission of the aperture on the transverse dimension. This finding is expected to affect other quasi-three-level lasers.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. J. Zayhowski, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. P. Jenssen, G. Dubé, eds., Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 9.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1993

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

F. Salin, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 17, 1352 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1990

J. J. Zayhowski, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 427 (1990).

T. Y. Fan, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 413 (1990).

1989

1988

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975

E. A. Sziklas, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 15, 1874 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

Anthon, D. W.

P. A. Leilabady, D. W. Anthon, P. O. Gullicksen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 54.

Bowers, M. S.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

Cousins, A. K.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

DeFeo, W. E.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 16, 1089 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 413 (1990).

T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, W. E. DeFeo, Opt. Lett. 14, 1057 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, P. A. Schulz, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 640.

Gullicksen, P. O.

P. A. Leilabady, D. W. Anthon, P. O. Gullicksen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 54.

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

Laporta, P.

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Leilabady, P. A.

P. A. Leilabady, D. W. Anthon, P. O. Gullicksen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 54.

Magni, V.

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Sanchez, A.

Schulz, P. A.

T. Y. Fan, P. A. Schulz, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 640.

Seamans, J. F.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

E. A. Sziklas, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 15, 1874 (1975).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), p. 786.

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Svelto, O.

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sziklas, E. A.

E. A. Sziklas, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 15, 1874 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tidwell, S. C.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 427 (1990).

J. J. Zayhowski, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. P. Jenssen, G. Dubé, eds., Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 9.

Appl. Opt.

E. A. Sziklas, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 15, 1874 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1172 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lincoln Lab. J.

J. J. Zayhowski, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 427 (1990).

T. Y. Fan, Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 413 (1990).

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), p. 786.

J. J. Zayhowski, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. P. Jenssen, G. Dubé, eds., Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 9.

T. Y. Fan, P. A. Schulz, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 640.

P. A. Leilabady, D. W. Anthon, P. O. Gullicksen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 54.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the Yb:YAG microchip laser experiment viewed in the plane perpendicular to the InGaAs diode laser junctions. The cylindrical lens collimates the light in the plane of the junction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power and cavity mode radius as a function of incident pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Cavity Mode Radius Predictions from FFT Calculations

Equations (3)

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I ( r ) = I 0 exp [ - 2 ( r / w p ) n ] .
N u = f b I 0 η abs τ h ν p L ,
g 0 L = σ ( N u - N l ) L .

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