Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first demonstration of electro-optic phase modulation in a fused-silica channel waveguide. The no linearity is induced through elevated temperature poling of an electron-beam-irradiated waveguide. A phase shift of 32 mrad was measured at λ = 633 nm for a device interaction length of 4.8 mm and an applied electric field of 7.3 V/μm.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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1993 (5)

1992 (1)

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

S. J. Madden, M. Green, D. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2902 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

F. Ouellette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1086 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

Andrejco, M. J.

Barbier, D.

S. J. Madden, M. Green, D. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2902 (1990).
[Crossref]

Brueck, S. R. J.

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2044, 2 (1993).

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Green, M.

S. J. Madden, M. Green, D. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2902 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hill, K. O.

F. Ouellette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1086 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ishii, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

Johnson, D. C.

F. Ouellette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1086 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kamal, A.

Kamiya, K.

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kazansky, P. G.

Krol, D. M.

Li, L.

L. Li, D. N. Payne, in Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics, Vol. 4 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TuAA2.

Madden, S. J.

S. J. Madden, M. Green, D. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2902 (1990).
[Crossref]

Margulis, W.

Matsuoka, J.

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Midwinter, J. E.

F. Zernicke, J. E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1972), Chap. 1, pp. 21–24.

Mito, A.

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mito, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

Mukheijee, N.

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2044, 2 (1993).

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myers, R. A.

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2044, 2 (1993).

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nasu, H.

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Okada, A.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

Okamoto, H.

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Österberg, U.

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1086 (1989).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

L. Li, D. N. Payne, in Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics, Vol. 4 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TuAA2.

Pleibel, W.

Russell, P. St. J

Saifi, M. A.

Sasaki, K.

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

Stolen, R. H.

Tom, H. W. K.

Zernicke, F.

F. Zernicke, J. E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1972), Chap. 1, pp. 21–24.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. J. Madden, M. Green, D. Barbier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2902 (1990).
[Crossref]

F. Ouellette, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1086 (1989).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Nasu, H. Okamoto, A. Mito, J. Matsuoka, K. Kamiya, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 406 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, K. Sasaki, Phys. Lett. 60, 2853 (1992).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

R. A. Myers, N. Mukheijee, S. R. J. Brueck, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 2044, 2 (1993).

Other (2)

F. Zernicke, J. E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1972), Chap. 1, pp. 21–24.

L. Li, D. N. Payne, in Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics, Vol. 4 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TuAA2.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Silica phase modulator electrode configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mach–Zehnder interferometer setup: SWPM, silica waveguide phase modulator; PM, fiber piezoelectric phase modulator; BS’s, beam splitters; M’s, mirrors; PD, photodetector; 20x’s, 20× magnification lenses.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Wavelength Dependence of Electron-Beam Waveguide (L = 7 mm) Transmission and Coupling Loss

Equations (1)

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Δ ϕ = 2 π λ χ ( 2 ) n V d d L η ,

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