Abstract

We demonstrate the use of intracavity frequency doubling in a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser to generate We as short as 14 fs. We use a 100-μm-thick lithium triborate (LiB3O5) crystal in a standard Ti:sapphire pulses for the frequency doubling. The average blue output power is 30 mW in each of two beams directly laser cavity the laser and 11 mW after compression. The repetition rate is 91 MHz, and the spectral bandwidth is from a near-transform-limited 19.2 nm centered at 416 nm. To our knowledge, these results represent the shortest pulse duration yet demonstrated in the blue region of the spectrum.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1992 (2)

V. Petrov, D. Georgiev, U. Stamm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1550 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Ellingson, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 17, 343 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (5)

1988 (1)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Asaki, M. T.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartoshevich, S. G.

Becker, P. C.

Beigang, R.

Bigot, J. Y.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. R. Portella, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 801 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, C. V. Shank, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, Vol. 53 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brunger, C. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

Brito-Cruz, C. H.

Brunger, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brunger, C. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P.

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2, p. 16.

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

Fork, R. L.

Garvey, D.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Taft, D. Garvey, Department of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Wash. 99164 (personal communication, 1993).

Georgiev, D.

V. Petrov, D. Georgiev, U. Stamm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1550 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadyan, G. G

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2, p. 16.

Huang, C.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brunger, C. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. P.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

Kean, P. N.

Krausz, F.

Mikhnyuk, I. V.

Murnane, M. M.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

Nebel, A.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2, p. 16.

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, D. Georgiev, U. Stamm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1550 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Portella, M. R.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. R. Portella, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 801 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Portella, M. T.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, C. V. Shank, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, Vol. 53 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

Schoenlein, R. W.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. R. Portella, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 801 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, C. V. Shank, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, Vol. 53 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. R. Portella, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 801 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito-Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, C. V. Shank, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, Vol. 53 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Skripko, G. A.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Stamm, U.

V. Petrov, D. Georgiev, U. Stamm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1550 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taft, G.

G. Taft, D. Garvey, Department of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Wash. 99164 (personal communication, 1993).

Tang, C. L.

R. J. Ellingson, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 17, 343 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tarazevich, I. G.

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brunger, C. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

Zhou, J.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Borsutzky, R. Brunger, C. Huang, R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B 52, 55 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

V. Petrov, D. Georgiev, U. Stamm, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1550 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 2211 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. R. Portella, C. V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 801 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 37 (1993).

Other (3)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 2, p. 16.

R. W. Schoenlein, J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, C. V. Shank, in Ultrafast Phenomena VII, Vol. 53 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, D. Garvey, Department of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Wash. 99164 (personal communication, 1993).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the Ti:sapphire laser incorporating intracavity frequency doubling. Also shown is a schematic of the external compressor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the frequency-doubled laser output, showing a FWHM bandwidth of 19.2 nm centered at 416 nm. The Fourier transform of the spectrum yields a 14-fs pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of the compressed blue output (solid curve) together with a sech2(t) fit to the data (dashed curve). The FWHM pulse width corresponds to a 14-fs pulse.

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