Abstract

Optical thin-film structures exhibiting high reflectivity and a nearly constant negative group-delay dispersion over frequency ranges as broad as 80 THz are presented. This attractive combination makes these coatings well suited for intracavity dispersion control in broadband femtosecond solid-state lasers. We address design issues and the principle of operation of these novel devices.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992); F. Krausz, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 17, 200 (1992); C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992 );B. E. Proctor, F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 17, 1295 (1992 );B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 17, 1367(1992); J. M. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, A. G. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1608 (1992); P. F. Curley, Ch. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Weiner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 10, 71 (1985).
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  11. W. H. Knox, N. M. Pearson, K. D. Li, Ch. A. Hirlimann, Opt. Lett. 13, 574 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Beck, I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 15, 492 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Ferencz, R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Heppner, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. I. Babic, S. W. Corzine, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 514 (1992).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. See, e.g., J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, Appl. Opt.29, 2879 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Further details about the mirror design and fabrication are available on request.

1993 (2)

K. Ferencz, R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Lemoff, C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

1984 (3)

1983 (1)

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

1960 (1)

Babic, D. I.

D. I. Babic, S. W. Corzine, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Barbec, T.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Beck, M.

Bennett, J. M.

Bourkoff, E.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bruce, C. F.

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ciddor, P. E.

Corzine, S. W.

D. I. Babic, S. W. Corzine, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Dietel, W.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

See, e.g., J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, Appl. Opt.29, 2879 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Döpel, E.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

K. Ferencz, R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. R.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 150 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gordon, J. P.

Hehl, K.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Heppner, J.

J. Heppner, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hirlimann, C. A.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hirlimann, Ch. A.

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. P.

Ippen, E. P.

Joseph, R. I.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kemp, R. A.

See, e.g., J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, Appl. Opt.29, 2879 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

J. Heppner, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

Lemoff, B. E.

Li, K. D.

Magni, V.

Martinez, O. E.

McIntosh, J. W.

Murnane, M. M.

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, N. M.

Rudolph, W.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, E.

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Simos, T.

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

K. Ferencz, R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Weiner, A. M.

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yen, R.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Heppner, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

M. Yamashita, K. Torizuka, T. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 2005 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Babic, S. W. Corzine, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 514 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, M. R. Fermann, T. Barbec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097(1992).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides, E. Bourkoff, R. I. Joseph, T. Simos, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Dietel, E. Döpel, K. Hehl, W. Rudolph, E. Schmidt, Opt. Commun. 50, 179 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

K. Ferencz, R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (2)

See, e.g., J. A. Dobrowolski, R. A. Kemp, Appl. Opt.29, 2879 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Further details about the mirror design and fabrication are available on request.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Theoretical refractive-index profile of a high-reflectivity TiO2–SiO2 multilayer coating designed specifically for broadband GDD control in femtosecond lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Computed electric-field distribution as a function of wavelength in the chirped dielectric structure shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Computed group delay as a function of wavelength (solid curve) together with experimental data (squares) for the multilayer design of Fig. 1. Note that the absolute delay could not be measured; therefore a wavelength-independent constant delay was added to the measured relative data.

Equations (1)

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Δ τ max = 2 ( t chirped t qw ) c ,

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