Abstract

The Nd:YAG 4F3/24I9/2 laser transition is investigated by use of diode pumping. A tuning range of λ = 945.46(2)−946.27(2) nm was achieved. A resonator was used with two foci for the laser crystal and the frequency-doubling crystal. The setup resulted in a single-mode output power of 100 mW at 473 nm. The laser radiation was also frequency quadrupled to the UV by use of an external enhancement cavity. The laser frequency was locked to an external cavity, resulting in a laser linewidth of 460 Hz. The use of the laser to excite the 5s2 1S0−5s5p 3P0 line of a single stored In+ ion as the basis of a frequency standard is discussed.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).
  2. E. Peik, G. Hollemann, H. Walther, “Laser cooling and quantum jumps of a single indium ion,”Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 605 (1987).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. P. L. Larkins, P. Hannaford, Z. Phys. D 27, 313 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. R. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Bergquist, L. Burkins, Opt. Commun. 50, 379 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]

1993

P. L. Larkins, P. Hannaford, Z. Phys. D 27, 313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Day, E. K Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1987

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 605 (1987).

1986

1984

J. C. Bergquist, L. Burkins, Opt. Commun. 50, 379 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

1980

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1975

W. R. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Baer, T.

Bergquist, J. C.

J. C. Bergquist, L. Burkins, Opt. Commun. 50, 379 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J.C.

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Burkins, L.

J. C. Bergquist, L. Burkins, Opt. Commun. 50, 379 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Day, E. K Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 605 (1987).

Chang, R. S. F.

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Day, T.

T. Day, E. K Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dehmelt, H. G.

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

Dirscherl, J.

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, G. J.

Djeu, N.

Elsner, F.

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

Falk, J.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 605 (1987).

Gustafson, E. K

T. Day, E. K Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hannaford, P.

P. L. Larkins, P. Hannaford, Z. Phys. D 27, 313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hils, D.

Hitz, C. B.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, H. Walther, “Laser cooling and quantum jumps of a single indium ion,”Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Itano, W. M.

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Larkins, P. L.

P. L. Larkins, P. Hannaford, Z. Phys. D 27, 313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leeb, W. R.

W. R. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Neizert, B.

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, H. Walther, “Laser cooling and quantum jumps of a single indium ion,”Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Pon, R.

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raizen, M.G.

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1412 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, C.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 15, p. 581.

Walther, H.

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, H. Walther, “Laser cooling and quantum jumps of a single indium ion,”Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Wegener, T.

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D.J.

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

Yarborough, J. M.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. M.

Appl. Phys.

W. R. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett

W. P. Risk, R. Pon, W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett 54, 1625 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C. B. Hitz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Day, E. K Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 605 (1987).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

J. Dirscherl, B. Neizert, T. Wegener, H. Walther, Opt. Commun. 91, 131 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Bergquist, L. Burkins, Opt. Commun. 50, 379 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Z. Phys. D

P. L. Larkins, P. Hannaford, Z. Phys. D 27, 313 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. Peik, G. Hollemann, H. Walther, “Laser cooling and quantum jumps of a single indium ion,”Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

J.C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M.G. Raizen, D.J. Wineland, in Proceedings of the Workshop: Light Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editrice, Pisa, 1990), p. 291.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 15, p. 581.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Nd:YAG laser cavity with two foci. QWP’s, quarter-wave plates; MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer; FPI, Fabry–Perot interferometer; BP, Brewster polarizer; PA, piezoactuator; LD, laser diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated cavity beam waists in Nd:YAG and KNbO3 crystals as a function of the distance d between the input coupler (plane mirror) and the folding mirror (radius of curvature r = 100 mm). The beam waists are shown in the sagittal planes (sag) and in the tangential planés (tan) of the curved mirrors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-modulation frequency stabilization scheme. DBM, double-balanced mixer; PS, phase shifter; EOM, electro-optic modulator; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PD, photodiodes; GPIB, general-purpose interface bus. Doppler-free 130Te2 spectroscopy is employed to determine the wavelength of the laser radiation.

Equations (2)

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λ air = 945 . 46 ( 2 ) 946 . 29 ( 2 ) nm .
( Δ ν rms ) 2 = 0 S Δ ν ( f ) d f .

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