Abstract

We report what is to our knowledge the first fiber distributed-feedback laser using a single Bragg grating at 1.5 μm written directly into a 2-cm-long Er3+-doped fiber codoped with Yb3+. We obtained robust single-frequency operation by either using one end reflector or locally heating the center of the grating to create the necessary phase shift.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 17, 420 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.
  6. H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Haus, C. V. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 532 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Zhou, G. S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1400 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 17, 420 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. Zhou, G. S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1400 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. A. Haus, C. V. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, S.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Ball, G. A.

Burnham, R. D.

W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, C. V. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. S.

P. Zhou, G. S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1400 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Morkel, P. R.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Russell, P. St. J.

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

Scifres, D. R.

W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

H. A. Haus, C. V. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Streifer, W.

W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, J. E.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Usami, M.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Utaka, K.

M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G. G.

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

P. Zhou, G. S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1400 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Zhou, G. S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1400 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, J. W. Sulhoff, Electron. Lett. 28, 1385 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kringlebotn, J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, G. G. Vienne, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 30, 972 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, D. R. Scifres, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 154 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, C. V. Shank, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 532 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. Usami, S. Akiba, K. Utaka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 815 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J.-L. Archambault, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

J.-L. Archambault, L. Reekie, L. Dong, P. St. J. Russell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWK3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of an Er3+:Yb3+-codoped fiber DFB laser with (a) a non-phase-shifted grating with one 100% end reflector and (b) a (temperature) phase-shifted grating with no end reflectors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser characteristics of a fiber DFB laser with a non-phase-shifted (uniform) grating with one 100% end reflector and a phase-shifted grating with no end reflectors. Δx is the position of the hot resistance wire relative to the input end of the grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum of the mirrored DFB laser for increasing separation Δz between the mirror and the grating. Δz varies from ~0 to ~λ/4n (0.26 μm), where n = 1.5 is the refractive index of the index-matching fluid.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of a (temperature) phase-shifted fiber DFB laser (a) at maximum power with optimum phase shift and (b) for increasing wire temperature (and phase shift).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Theoretical threshold single-pass net gain of the fundamental mode of a fiber DFB laser with uniformly distributed gain as a function of grating strength with a non-phase-shifted (uniform) grating, a non-phase-shifted grating with one 100% end reflector (for various values of the reflection phase ϕ), and a π/2 phase-shifted grating.

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