Abstract

We propose a new method for introducing a chirp on a fiber Bragg grating. Uniformly written fiber Bragg gratings are linearly chirped through the use of a controllable temperature gradient device. This device allows the linear chirp conditions to be totally adjustable in a nondestructive repeatable manner. These conditions can be selected with great precision and are very stable, once defined. To characterize the resulting chirped gratings, we have measured their dispersion. Dispersion of the order of 200 ps/nm have been obtained for 1-cm-long fiber Bragg gratings with temperature gradients near 20 °C.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. O. Hill, Appl. Opt. 13, 8 (1974).
  2. F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 12, 10, (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 16, 5 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. D. Poole, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThJ.
  5. F. Ouellette, J.-F. Cliche, S. Gagnon, “All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling,”J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  6. J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.
  7. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThK3.
  11. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.
  12. B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (5)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 16, 5 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1974 (1)

K. O. Hill, Appl. Opt. 13, 8 (1974).

Albert, J.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Anderson, D. Z.

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Bodtker, E.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bricheno, T.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byron, K. C.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, B.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J.-F.

F. Ouellette, J.-F. Cliche, S. Gagnon, “All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling,”J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Devaux, F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThK3.

Erdogan, T.

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, S.

F. Ouellette, J.-F. Cliche, S. Gagnon, “All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling,”J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Appl. Opt. 13, 8 (1974).

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Jacobsen, G.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Kerdiles, J. F.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Krug, P. A.

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThK3.

Lauzon, J.

J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Mark, J.

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.

J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.

Mizrahi, V.

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 16, 5 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 12, 10, (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.

F. Ouellette, J.-F. Cliche, S. Gagnon, “All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling,”J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Poladian, L.

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThK3.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThJ.

Sorel, Y.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Thériault, S.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

Thibault, S.

J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.

White, A. E.

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

K. O. Hill, Appl. Opt. 13, 8 (1974).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 10, (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 29, 6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 18 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Christensen, J. Mark, G. Jacobsen, E. Bodtker, Electron. Lett. 29, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 12 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (5)

C. D. Poole, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThJ.

F. Ouellette, J.-F. Cliche, S. Gagnon, “All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling,”J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

J. Martin, J. Lauzon, S. Thibault, F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD29.

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper ThK3.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, T. Kitagawa, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, K. Takiguchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 4 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper PD2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the controllable temperature gradient device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

1-cm-long fiber Bragg grating transmission spectrum for different temperature gradients: curve A, ΔT = 0 °C, FWHM 0.143 nm; curve B, ΔT = −5.6 °C, FWHM 0.170 nm; curve C, ΔT = 26.1 °C, FWHM 0.280 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup used to measure the dispersion of our LCFBG.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Normalized Dispersion of LCFBG for Different Linear Chirp Conditions

Equations (2)

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Λ λ B Δ T = ( 2 Λ n ¯ α + 2 Λ ξ ) ,
D × L = c 2 λ 0 2 f n 2 [ 1 + 2 n 2 π arctan ( α ) ] ,

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