Abstract

We describe a beam-deflection technique based on the ultrafast electronic Kerr effect for measuring the duration of ultrashort laser pulses in a wide spectral range. Using this method, which provides the third-order intensity correlation function, we have measured subpicosecond KrF laser pulses. The results are in good agreement with the Kerr-shutter autocorrelation measurement.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061 (1987).
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  2. S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
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  7. U. Teubner, B. van Wonterghem, F. P. Schäfer, R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 794 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Morita, T. Yajima, Appl. Phys. B 28, 25 (1982).
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  10. M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. A. McIntyre, G. N. Gibson, C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 12, 102 (1987).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

1993 (6)

1992 (2)

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, Opt. Lett. 17, 1794 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

1989 (1)

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

1982 (1)

N. Morita, T. Yajima, Appl. Phys. B 28, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, H. S.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Opt. 32, 6659 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, Appl. Phys. B 57, 193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

Dadap, J. I.

Downer, M. C.

Eichmann, H.

Endoh, A.

Engers, T.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Focht, G. B.

Gibson, G. N.

Glownia, J. H.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Heist, P.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, Appl. Phys. B 57, 193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Opt. 32, 6659 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Jacobs, H.

Kittelmann, O.

Kleinschmidt, J.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, Appl. Phys. B 57, 193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Opt. 32, 6659 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lap, D. V.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, Appl. Phys. B 57, 193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Opt. 32, 6659 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, S. P.

Marowsky, G.

McIntyre, I. A.

Misewich, J.

Misewich, J. A.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

Morita, N.

N. Morita, T. Yajima, Appl. Phys. B 28, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Reitze, D. H.

Rhodes, C. K.

Ringling, J.

Sarukura, N.

Sauerbrey, R.

Schäfer, F. P.

U. Teubner, B. van Wonterghem, F. P. Schäfer, R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 794 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, T.

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Opt. 32, 6659 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schüler, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, H.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P.

Sorokin, P. P.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1061 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Szabo, G.

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Teubner, U.

U. Teubner, B. van Wonterghem, F. P. Schäfer, R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 794 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toth, Cs.

Tünnermann, A.

van Wonterghem, B.

U. Teubner, B. van Wonterghem, F. P. Schäfer, R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 794 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von der Linde, D.

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Walkup, R. E.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, S.

Wellegehausen, B.

Welling, H.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

Yajima, T.

N. Morita, T. Yajima, Appl. Phys. B 28, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Young, J. F.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, T. Schröder, Appl. Phys. B 55, 362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Albrecht, P. Heist, J. Kleinschmidt, D. V. Lap, Appl. Phys. B 57, 193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Morita, T. Yajima, Appl. Phys. B 28, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Schulz, H. Schüler, T. Engers, D. von der Linde, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2580 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Szatmari, F. P. Schäfer, Opt. Commun. 68, 196 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

U. Teubner, B. van Wonterghem, F. P. Schäfer, R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 794 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the beam-deflection configuration. The lower part shows the interaction area in more detail. AP, aperture of width d; S, sample; D, detector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the autocorrelator: M’s, mirrors; BS, beam splitter (fused silica); L, focusing lens; D, detector; Dref, reference detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Discrete measurement of the diffracted light in the plane of observation without a pump pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured ACF G(3)(τ) of 248-nm pulses by use of beam deflection (top) and the Kerr-shutter technique (bottom). In both cases the solid curve is a fit of the ACF with I(t) = I0 sech2(1.76t/T), where T = 635 fs is the pulse duration (FWHM) yielding TACF = 810 fs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured ACF G(3)(τ) of 248-nm pulses by use of beam deflection (top) and the Kerr-shutter technique (bottom). In both cases the solid curve is a fit of the ACF with I(t) = I0[exp(1.69t/T) + exp(−1.84t/T)]−2, where T = 545 fs is the pulse duration (FWHM) yielding TACF = 700 fs.

Equations (2)

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W ( x , τ ) = d t sin 2 [ π x / x 0 ( π r / x 0 ) n 2 I p ( t ) tan α ] [ π x / x 0 ( π r / x 0 ) n 2 I p ( t ) tan α ] 2 × I ( t + τ ) .
W ( τ ) | x = x 0 = ( n 2 r tan α / x 0 ) 2 d tI p 2 ( t ) I ( t + τ ) G ( 3 ) ( τ ) ,

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