Abstract

We report a harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser with short solitons. A phase modulator running asynchronously with the pulses provides pulse start-up, continuous background cleanup, and a new form of pulse timing stabilization. Steady-state operation of picosecond solitons at a repetition rate of 1 GHz was obtained with no need for modulator drive frequency stabilization.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 30 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. T. Harvey, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, M. Shirasaki, K. Tamura, Opt. Lett. 19, 31 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. A. Haus, Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 386 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

1994 (4)

C. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, M. Shirasaki, K. Tamura, Opt. Lett. 19, 31 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, M. L. Dennis, Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (4)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Harvey, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (5)

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, S. G. Evangelides, Opt. Lett. 17, 1575 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 28, 1894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

1990 (2)

1985 (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, M. L. Dennis, Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, M. L. Dennis, Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 28, 1894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C.

Doerr, C. R.

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD12.

Duling, I. N.

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, M. L. Dennis, Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 28, 1894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Evangelides, S. G.

Fermann, M. E.

Fontana, F.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Franco, P.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gordon, J. P.

Grudini, A. B.

A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Harvey, G. T.

Haus, H. A

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, M. Shirasaki, K. Tamura, Opt. Lett. 19, 31 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 30 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, Y. Lai, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 386 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD12.

Hofer, M.

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, M. Shirasaki, K. Tamura, Opt. Lett. 19, 31 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD12.

Kimura, Y.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Lai, Y.

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus, A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Newton, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Romagnoli, M.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Schmidt, A. J.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shirasaki, M.

Tamura, K.

Wabnitz, S.

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

Wong, W. S.

C. R. Doerr, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD12.

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (6)

M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 28, 1894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudini, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, M. L. Dennis, Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newton, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Fontana, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, Y. Kodama, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 50.

C. R. Doerr, W. S. Wong, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CPD12.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fiber ring laser used in the experiment. PBS, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscilloscope traces of the 1-GHz pulse train (a) on a slow time scale (20 ns/division) and (b) with a sampling scope (500 ps/division).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope trace of the 1-GHz pulse train with one pulse missing (10 ns/division).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope trace of the 1-GHz pulse train with an extra pulse (10 ns/division).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of the pulses from the all-negative dispersion system, with the corresponding optical spectrum in the upper right-hand corner.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Microwave power spectrum of the signal from a fast detector measuring the pulse train (10 dB/division, center frequency 3.6 GHz, span 3.8 GHz, resolution bandwidth 3 MHz).

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