Abstract

We have used phase conjugation to compensate phase distortions and depolarization introduced in multimode fibers having 2-m lengths and 400-μm core diameters. The experiment was performed at a wavelength of 1.064 μm, and we achieved phase conjugation using Brillouin-enhanced four-wave mixing in a 0.8-mm-core hollow quartz lightguide filled with TiCl4. The far-field conjugation fidelity was 70%, and the residual depolarization was <1%. Comparable compensation was achieved by use of either a graded-index or a step-index fiber.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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1993 (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1989 (2)

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

I. McMichael, M. Khoshenevisan, P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 11, 525 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1979 (2)

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

V. V. Ragulskii, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 5, 251 (1979) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 5, 100 (1979)].

1978 (1)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Baer, T. M.

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Beckwith, P.

Boggess, T. F.

Dunning, G. J.

Eason, R. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Efimkov, V. F.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Garrett, M. H.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hribek, P.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. C.

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 426; “A stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugate mirror having a peak-power threshold <100 W,” submitted toOpt. Commun.

Khoshenevisan, M.

Kierstead, M. S.

Klein, M. B.

Kotov, A. V.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Kwong, N. S.-K.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Kyuma, K.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Liebman, A.

Lind, R. C.

Luther-Davies, B.

Maddever, A.

Mangir, M. S.

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 426; “A stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugate mirror having a peak-power threshold <100 W,” submitted toOpt. Commun.

McCahon, S. W.

McMichael, I.

Mikhailov, S. I.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Ragulskii, V. V.

V. V. Ragulskii, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 5, 251 (1979) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 5, 100 (1979)].

Ridley, K. D.

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 426; “A stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugate mirror having a peak-power threshold <100 W,” submitted toOpt. Commun.

Ross, G. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Rytz, R. R. Stephens, B. A. Wechsler, M. S. Kierstead, T. M. Baer, Opt. Lett. 15, 1279 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scott, A. M.

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, M. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Stephens, R. R.

Tomita, Y.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Wechsler, B. A.

Wong, S.-K.

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yahalom, R.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Zubarev, I. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, S.-K. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 617 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

Y. Tomita, R. Yahalom, K. Kyuma, A. Yariv, N. S.-K. Kwong, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 315 (1989), and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Scott, K. D. Ridley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 438 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Kvantovaya Elektron. (1)

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 394 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 237 (1979)].

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, S. I. Mikhailov, M. G. Smirnov, Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 28, 215 (1978) [JETP Lett. 28, 197 (1978)].

Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

V. V. Ragulskii, Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 5, 251 (1979) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 5, 100 (1979)].

Other (1)

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 426; “A stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugate mirror having a peak-power threshold <100 W,” submitted toOpt. Commun.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup to demonstrate Brillouin phase-conjugation compensation of the distortions and the depolarization induced by a 2-m-long multimode fiber. BS1, BS2, polarizing beam splitters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy fraction β as a function of the far-field cone angle for the signal input to the fiber and for the return from the fiber after reflection from the PCM. The fidelity is the ratio of these two quantities, which is ~70% in the 2–4-mrad range. Note the log scale for the abscissa, which shows the angular extent of the nonconjugate pedestal to be equivalent to the full N.A. of the fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the angular distribution of the SBS return signal from the fiber, showing the conjugated energy (spike) surrounded by a large nonconjugated pedestal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Video images of the far field for (a) the fiber input and (b) the conjugate return. The camera was deliberately saturated to show the sidelobe structure; the pedestal intensity was too low to appear in this photograph.

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