Abstract

The growth of a two-photon-resonant photoinduced second-harmonic signal at 660 nm in Er3+-dopect GeO2–Al2O3–SiO2 single-mode optical fibers pumped by a Nd:YAG laser at 1.319 μm is reported. Defect states in the band gap are optically excited through a resonant two-photon absorption process connecting the 4I15/24F9/2 energy levels of the erbium ions present in the fiber core. As a result a periodic χ(2)grating is formed, and efficient second-harmonic generation takes place. For erbium-free GeO2-doped silica test fibers no second-harmonic signal has been detected, even after hours of seeded preparation process.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Osterberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. U. Osterberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 12, 57 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. C. Ferries, M. E. Fermann, Electron. Lett. 24, 294 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).
  8. N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. M. Krol, J. R. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1650 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).
  11. T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).
  12. D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 16, 796 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. M. Krol, D. J. Giovanni, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 18, 1220 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  16. D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, A. O. Rybaltovsky, P. V. Chernev, Yu. P. Yatsenko, Opt. Lett. 19, 439 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Krol, D. J. Giovanni, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 18, 1220 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (4)

D. M. Krol, J. R. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1650 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 16, 796 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ferries, M. E. Fermann, Electron. Lett. 24, 294 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (4)

B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Osterberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 12, 57 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Ainslie, B. J.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

Borges, N. M.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Chernev, P. V.

Craig, S. P.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Driscoll, T. J.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

Fermann, M. E.

M. C. Ferries, M. E. Fermann, Electron. Lett. 24, 294 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ferries, M. C.

M. C. Ferries, M. E. Fermann, Electron. Lett. 24, 294 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Giovanni, D. J.

Gouveia, E. A.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Killian, A.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

Kim, E. M.

B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kornienko, L. S.

Krol, D. M.

Lawandy, N. M.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margulis, W.

Mizrahi, V.

Morse, T. F.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

Nicácio, D. L.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Osterberg, U.

Payne, D. N.

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

Reis, A. M.

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Rienhart, L.

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

Russell, P. St. J.

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rybaltovsky, A. O.

Salour, M. M.

B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Sipe, J. E.

Stolen, R. H.

D. M. Krol, D. J. Giovanni, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 18, 1220 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, H. W. K. Tom, Opt. Lett. 12, 585 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).

Tom, H. W. K.

Valk, B.

B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yatsenko, Yu. P.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Valk, E. M. Kim, M. M. Salour, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 722 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 1700 (1991).

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, A. Killian, L. Rienhart, T. F. Morse, Electron. Lett. 27, 2089 (1991).

M. C. Ferries, P. St. J. Russell, M. E. Fermann, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Ferries, M. E. Fermann, Electron. Lett. 24, 294 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, S. T. Davey, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 287 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. H. Stolen, in Nonlinear Waves in Solid-State Physics, A. D. Boardman, T. Twardowski, M. Bertolotti, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990).

D. L. Nicácio, E. A. Gouveia, A. M. Reis, N. M. Borges, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, “Intense green light generation through amplified spontaneous emission in Er-doped germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers pumped at 1.319 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Power spectra of light coupled out of the Er3+-doped germano-aluminosilicate fiber: (a) immediately after the infrared pump illumination and (b) after 30 min of preparation time. The inset in (b) shows a comparison between second- and third-harmonic signal intensity and was obtained after many hours of infrared illumination.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Growth with time of the SH signal at 660 nm leaving the Er3+-doped germano-aluminosilicate fiber pumped with 70-mW average power at 1.319 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectra of light coupled out of the Er3+-free germanosilicate fiber after 6 h of 660-nm SH light seed and 100-mW infrared 1.319-μm laser illumination.

Metrics