Abstract

We describe a new method for photorefractive response time measurement in fast photorefractive crystals based on continuous phase modulation in two-wave mixing. We report experimental results for undoped semi-insulating GaAs that are in good agreement with theory. Values obtained for the response time and photoelectron generation quantum efficiency are consistent with previously published data.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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1992 (1)

1990 (3)

1989 (2)

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

1984 (2)

R. Grousson, M. Henry, S. Mallick, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 224 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Klein, Opt. Lett. 9, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

M. Peltier, F. Micheron, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3683 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

D. T. F. Marple, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1241 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bacher, G. D.

Boggess, T. F.

Bohnert, K.

Burge, R. E.

Bylsma, R. B.

Camplin, K. S.

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Cescato, L.

Cheng, L. J.

Chihara, M.

Cudney, R. S.

dos Santos, P. A. M.

Erlandson, R. J.

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Frejlich, J.

Garcia, P. M.

Glass, A. M.

J. Strait, A. M. Glass, Appl. Opt. 25, 338 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Giinter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Springer Series in Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 247.

Glover, G. H.

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Grousson, R.

R. Grousson, M. Henry, S. Mallick, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 224 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hall, T. J.

Hauge, P. S.

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Henry, M.

R. Grousson, M. Henry, S. Mallick, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 224 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Johnson, R. V.

Kamshilin, A. A.

Klein, M. B.

Kuroda, K.

Liu, D. T. H.

Lu, T.

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Mallick, S.

R. Grousson, M. Henry, S. Mallick, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 224 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Marple, D. T. F.

D. T. F. Marple, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1241 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, A.

Micheron, F.

M. Peltier, F. Micheron, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3683 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, R. A.

Ogura, I.

Okamura, H.

Okazaki, Y.

Peltier, M.

M. Peltier, F. Micheron, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3683 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, R. M.

Shimura, T.

Smirl, A. L.

Sokolov, I. A.

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S. I.

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Strait, J.

J. Strait, A. M. Glass, Appl. Opt. 25, 338 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Giinter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Springer Series in Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 247.

Tanguay, J. A. R.

Trofimov, G. S.

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Walsh, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. S. Camplin, R. J. Erlandson, G. H. Glover, P. S. Hauge, T. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 348 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

D. T. F. Marple, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1241 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Grousson, M. Henry, S. Mallick, J. Appl. Phys. 56, 224 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. Peltier, F. Micheron, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 3683 (1977).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Staebler, J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (1)

A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Giinter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Vol. 61 of Springer Series in Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 247.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for phase-modulation 2WM experiment. The laser light is linearly polarized perpendicular to the figure’s plane. M’s, mirrors; BS, beam splitter; P, polarizer; A, lock-in amplifier tuned to 2Ω frequency; D, detector; FG, function generator producing a Ω frequency signal that is amplified by a high-voltage source (HV) to produce a dither signal on the EOM; OSC, oscilloscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Second-harmonic response curves for K = 3.5 μm−1 and Io ≈ 252 mW/cm2 (squares) and for K = 2.1 μm−1 and Io ≈ 177 mW/cm2 (circles), with γ = 10° and m ≈ 1 for both conditions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimental Results

Equations (10)

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I ( x , t ) = I 0 [ 1 + m cos ( K x + ψ d sin Ω t ) ] ,
E sc t + E sc τ sc = - i m ( t ) E D τ sc ,
m ( t ) = m exp ( i ψ d sin Ω t ) = m l = - J l ( ψ d ) exp ( i l Ω t ) .
E sc ( t ) = - i m E D l = - J l ( ψ d ) 1 + i l Ω τ sc exp ( i l Ω t ) .
I S | S o exp ( i ψ d sin Ω t ) sin γ + i R o π n 1 d λ cos θ cos γ | 2 × exp ( - α d )
n 1 = i 2 n o 3 r m E D l = - J l ( ψ d ) 1 + i l Ω τ sc exp ( i l Ω t ) ,
S o exp ( i ψ d sin Ω t ) = S o n = - J n ( ψ d ) exp ( i n Ω t )
I S = C + π n o 3 r d 2 λ cos θ m E D S o R o sin ( 2 γ ) × n , l = - J n ( ψ d ) J l ( ψ d ) × l Ω τ sc sin [ ( n - l ) Ω t ] - cos [ ( n - l ) Ω t ] 1 + ( l Ω τ sc ) 2 × exp ( - α d ) ,
I S 2 Ω = π n o 3 r d m E D S o R o ψ d 2 sin ( 2 γ ) 4 λ cos θ × ( Ω τ sc ) 2 { [ 1 + ( Ω τ sc ) 2 ] [ 1 + ( 2 Ω τ sc ) 2 ] } 1 / 2 × exp ( - α d ) .
τ sc K 2 ɛ 0 k B T h ν d / ( q 2 Φ I ) ,

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