Abstract

We have demonstrated the generation of 21 ± 2 fs duration pulses, with an energy of 0.5 mJ, a bandwidth of 44 nm, and a repetition rate of 10 Hz, using a chirped-pulse amplification scheme in Ti:sapphire. We use 11-fs, 5-nJ pulses from a Ti:sapphire oscillator as the input for an eight-pass Ti:sapphire amplifier. A broadband, low-dispersion chirped-pulse stretcher-and-amplifier design was used for propagation and amplification of the ultrashort pulses. By the addition of a prism pair to the stretcher, both the second- and third-order dispersions are minimized, permitting us to generate near-transform-limited amplified pulses at a duration near the theoretical limit imposed by gain narrowing in Ti:sapphire.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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1993

1992

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. Kapteyn, Appl. Opt. 31, 4931 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, S. C. Wilks, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Krane, M. D. Perry, S. Herman, R. W. Falcone, Opt. Lett. 17, 1256 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1989

1987

M. Pessot, P. Maine, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 62, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. H. B. Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

1985

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Amendt, P.

D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, S. C. Wilks, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonetti, A.

Asaki, M. T.

Avramopoulos, H.

Backus, S.

Balcou, P.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Blair, R. J.

Bokor, J.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Burnett, N. H.

Chambaret, J. P.

Combs, R. L.

Corkum, P. B.

Cruz, C. H. B.

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eder, D. C.

D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, S. C. Wilks, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Estable, F.

Falcone, R. W.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Krane, M. D. Perry, S. Herman, R. W. Falcone, Opt. Lett. 17, 1256 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sullivan, H. Hamster, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Gordon, W. White, H. Nathel, R. J. Blair, R. W. Falcone, Opt. Lett. 16, 1406 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Fragnito, H. L.

Garvey, D.

Georges, P.

Glytsis, E. N.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, S.

Gordon, S. P.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

Grillon, G.

Hamster, H.

Herman, S.

Hirlimann, C.

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krane, J. K.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maine, P.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 62, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Moulton, P. F.

Mourou, G.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 62, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nathel, H.

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

Perry, M. D.

Pessot, M.

M. Pessot, P. Maine, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 62, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Poizat, J. P.

Price, D. F.

Proctor, B.

B. Proctor, F. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 470 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, M. D.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Schehrer, K. L.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

Shepherd, R.

R. Shepherd, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.94550 (personal communication, 1993).

Shepherd, R. L.

Spielmann, C.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

White, W.

White, W. E.

Wilks, S. C.

D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, S. C. Wilks, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

B. Proctor, F. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 470 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. P. Gordon, J. Bokor, E. N. Glytsis, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Proctor, F. Wise, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 470 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Pessot, P. Maine, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 62, 419 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, S. C. Wilks, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, M. D. Rosen, R. W. Falcone, Science 251, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Shepherd, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif.94550 (personal communication, 1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of laser system. PC, Pockels cell; ML, mode-locked.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-shot autocorrelation trace of a sample of the 0.5-mJ amplified and recompressed pulse. Assuming a sech2 pulse shape, we see that the pulse duration is 21 ± 2 fs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the laser system output: (a) unamplified, with FWHM 58 nm [curve (a)] and amplified, in which gain narrowing reduces the spectrum to 44 nm FWHM [curve (b)].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beam profile of the amplified pulse. The beam size is 2.15 mm FWHM in the x direction and 1.95 mm in the y direction.

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