Abstract

Two-photon spectroscopy of atomic cesium confined and cooled in a magneto-optical trap is reported. The hyperfine structure of the 6D5/2 state is determined with 1% accuracy. New capabilities for studying ac Stark shifts and kinetic transport for cold atoms are suggested.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. For a recent summary of spectroscopic measurements in optical lattices seePhys. Today 46(6), 17 (1993).
  4. M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 18, 1186 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. W. Fox, S. L. Gilbert, L. Hollberg, J. H. Marquardt, Opt. Lett. 18, 1456 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).
  7. C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).
  9. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Libbrecht, J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. S. Heavens, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 1058 (1961).
    [CrossRef]

1993

For a recent summary of spectroscopic measurements in optical lattices seePhys. Today 46(6), 17 (1993).

K. Libbrecht, J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 18, 1186 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Fox, S. L. Gilbert, L. Hollberg, J. H. Marquardt, Opt. Lett. 18, 1456 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1976

For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).

1975

C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1970

L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).

1961

Belin, G.

For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chebotaev, V. P.

L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).

Chen, G.

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

Gilbert, S. L.

Guta, R.

C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

K. Libbrecht, J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 18, 1186 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Happer, W.

C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Heavens, O. S.

Hollberg, L.

Holmgren, L.

For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).

Hough, J. K.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. B.

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Libbrecht, K.

K. Libbrecht, J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, J. H.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishaev, A. V.

L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).

Svanberg, S.

For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).

Tai, C.

C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tobosa, J. W. R.

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vasilenko, L. S.

L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, M.

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. K. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

C. Tai, W. Happer, R. Guta, Phys. Rev. A 12,723 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, D. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631 (1987);C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. R. Tobosa, G. Chen, Z. Hu, R. B. Lee, H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3245 (1991);D. Grison, B. Lounis, C. Salomon, J. Y. Courtis, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 15, 149 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr.

For work on other excited states in Cs seeG. Belin, L. Holmgren, S. Svanberg, Phys. Scr. 14, 39 (1976).

Phys. Today

For a recent summary of spectroscopic measurements in optical lattices seePhys. Today 46(6), 17 (1993).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

K. Libbrecht, J. L. Hall, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP Lett.

L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotaev, A. V. Shishaev, Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 12, 13 (1970).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Relevant energy levels of 133 Cs for trapping and for two-photon excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Two-photon excitation spectra for P0 = 3.3 mW showing the fluorescence IF at λf versus excitation frequency Ω (cycles/s) near λ0 = 883 nm with the trapping and repumping beams chopped on (circles) and off (squares). Stark shifts and power broadening of the ground state resulting from the presence of the trapping beams are clearly evident, here with a total trapping power of 3.1 mW. Note that Ω refers to the two-photon detuning (i.e., twice the actual frequency change near λ0).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Linewidths (FWHM) of the F = 6, 5, 4 hyperfine components of the 6D5/2 level versus the excitation power P0 with the trapping beams off and the repumping beam either off (solid curves) or on (dashed curves).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Two-photon excitation spectra for P0 = 16 mW showing fluorescence IF versus detuning Ω obtained with the repumping and trapping beams off (squares) and with the repumping beam on and the trapping beam off (circles).

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