Abstract

We have developed a novel experimental procedure that allows us to quantify how polarization effects determine the passive mode locking of an optical fiber figure-eight laser. Based on our measurements, we have performed numerical simulations demonstrating that the nonlinear switching within this laser operates in a manner contrary to that described by the conventional theory of passive mode locking with a fast saturable absorber.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 16, 539 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, H. Hochreiter, Opt. Lett. 15, 752 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Finlayson, B. K. Nayar, N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 17, 112 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. A. Pavlath, H. J. Shaw, Appl. Opt. 21, 1752 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6,1217 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

N. Finlayson, B. K. Nayar, N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 17, 112 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 16, 539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6,1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Doran, N. J.

Duling, I. N.

Fermann, M. E.

Finlayson, N.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6,1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nayar, B. K.

Pavlath, G. A.

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Philips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. Matsas, M. W. Philips, Electron. Lett. 27, 1451 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6,1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the fiber figure-eight laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental procedure for characterizing a figure-eight laser, (a) The birefringence in the bold section of the fiber is probed, (b) the laser is assembled and the average output powers and eigenpolarizations are measured for the characteristic modes of operation, (c)–(e) The birefringence in the bold sections of the fiber is measured as the laser is disassembled.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission coefficient of the nonlinear loop mirror as a function of the relative phase shift, as calculated from a scalar continuous-wave theory, (b) The relative phase shift and (c) the transmission coefficient of the nonlinear loop mirror as a functions of local time, as calculated numerically by use of a full tensor analysis. The pulse shape is shown by a dashed curve.

Equations (1)

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T = 1 2 + 1 2 α cos ( Δ ϕ + ϕ B ) ,

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