Abstract

A piezoelectrically actuated four-port Mach–Zehnder switch with 30-μs switching time and 0.25-dB insertion loss is demonstrated at a wavelength of 1.3 μm. The worst-case cross talk is below −21 dB for an arbitrary input polarization. The process of fabricating the switch from commercial fiber couplers with length matching of the interferometer arms is described.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Voges, A. Neyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1229 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. C. Boucouvals, G. Georigiou, Electron. Lett. 21, 512 (1985).
  4. R. Hughes, R. Priest, Appl. Opt. 19, 1477 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1993

Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Voges, A. Neyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

A. C. Boucouvals, G. Georigiou, Electron. Lett. 21, 512 (1985).

1980

Boucouvals, A. C.

A. C. Boucouvals, G. Georigiou, Electron. Lett. 21, 512 (1985).

Georigiou, G.

A. C. Boucouvals, G. Georigiou, Electron. Lett. 21, 512 (1985).

Hida, Y.

Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, R.

Imamura, S.

Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, M.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Neyer, A.

E. Voges, A. Neyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Noda, J.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Onose, H.

Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Priest, R.

Takada, K.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Voges, E.

E. Voges, A. Neyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

A. C. Boucouvals, G. Georigiou, Electron. Lett. 21, 512 (1985).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Hida, H. Onose, S. Imamura, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 782 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, J. Noda, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 564 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

E. Voges, A. Neyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1229 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

M. Kawachi, Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Configuration for the all-fiber switch, (b) binary states of the switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dynamic response of the switch to a square-wave voltage pulse: (a) horizontal axis 500 μs/division, (b) horizontal axis 50 μs/division. Light is injected into one of the input ports. In both cases the upper trace is the voltage across the piezoelectric strips and the lower trace is the optical output from the port of the switch initially in the off position.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

8-μs switching time for the optical signal with a 3-μs switching time for the electrical signal. The calculated acoustic transient time is 7.1 μs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical coherence domain reflectometer of preparing length match directional couplers: MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer; Amp, amplifier. (b) Two fiber couplers prepared by the optical coherence domain reflectometry are joined in series by fusion splicing.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Cross-Talk Performance of the Switch (in decibels)a

Metrics