Abstract

We demonstrate that by operating near the zero second- and third-order dispersion point in a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser we can generate sub-10-fs pulses. Our numerical simulations show that the pulse duration is limited by fourth-order dispersion and that shorter pulses will be possible if this can be reduced. Also, by inserting a pellicle in various positions in a Ti:sapphire cavity, we have measured the intracavity pulse duration and chirp of the circulating pulse in the laser. Our results demonstrate that the pulse is shortest near the middle of the laser crystal, in one direction of propagation. In the other direction of propagation, the pulse is positively chirped and several times longer.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 17 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD3.
  3. C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. J. Ellingson, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 18, 438 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. G. Lariontsev, V. N. Serkin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.
  10. U. Keller, G. W. ’tHooft, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Jacobson, K. Naganuma, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, A. G. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 17, 1608 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. M. Murnane, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper WD1.
  14. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. E. Lemoff, C. P. Barty, Opt. Lett. 18, 57 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Brabec, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

1994

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

1991

1976

E. G. Lariontsev, V. N. Serkin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1970

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

’tHooft, G. W.

Asaki, M. T.

Backus, S.

Barty, C. P.

Brabec, T.

P. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Crisp, M. D.

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

Curley, P.

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

Fermann, M. E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Feugnet, G.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garvey, D.

Goldblatt, N.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Haus, H. A.

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. P.

Huang, C.-P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Jacobson, A. G.

Jacobson, J. M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 17 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD3.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

P. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lariontsev, E. G.

E. G. Lariontsev, V. N. Serkin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. E.

McIntosh, J. W.

Murnane, M. M.

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, H. C. Kapteyn, J. W. McIntosh, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 17, 139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. T. Asaki, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, H. Nathel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1289 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 17 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD3.

M. M. Murnane, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper WD1.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Naganuma, K.

Nathel, H.

Negus, D. K.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Serkin, V. N.

E. G. Lariontsev, V. N. Serkin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

P. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spinelli, L.

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

Tang, C. L.

Wintner, E.

P. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, A. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

M. T. Asaki, C. P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 18, 977 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, Opt. Photon. News 5(3), 20 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

M. D. Crisp, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1604 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

E. G. Lariontsev, V. N. Serkin, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. K. Negus, L. Spinelli, N. Goldblatt, G. Feugnet, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé, L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 120.

M. M. Murnane, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper WD1.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses”, Opt. Lett. (to be published).

C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 17 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper PD3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic configuration of our self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser, including our scheme to introduce the argon-ion pump beam into the cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental and (b) calculated spectral measurements of the output of the laser for two different prism insertions, differing by ≈340 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of shortest-obtained pulse. The autocorrelation FWHM is 13.2 fs, corresponding to a pulse duration of 8.5 fs, if a sech2 pulse shape is assumed.

Metrics