Abstract

We report the observation of amplified spontaneous emission in the 3H43H6 transition of Tm+3 in a Ta2O5-doped multicomponent silicate fiber. The evolutions of the spectral shape, output power, and center wavelength were measured as a function of fiber length and pump power in the previously unstudied high-power range, where saturation effects dominate. An output power of 1 mW has been achieved at 1.91 μm with a bandwidth of 77 nm.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1631 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. A. Bergh, B. Culshaw, C. C. Cutler, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 563 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

1992 (1)

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (3)

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1631 (1986).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Ainslie, B. J.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bergh, R. A.

Craig, S. P.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

Craig Ryan, S. P.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

Culshaw, B.

Cutler, C. C.

de Araujo, C. B.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1631 (1986).
[Crossref]

Gomes, A. S. L.

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Horiguchi, M.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

Kilian, A.

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. Y.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lefevre, H. C.

Liu, K.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

Morse, T. F.

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Reinhart, L.

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shaw, H. J.

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

R. A. Bergh, B. Culshaw, C. C. Cutler, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 563 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimizu, M.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

Simpson, J. R.

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[Crossref]

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Suni, P. J.

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Takeshita, T.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

Townsend, J. E.

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, P. F.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yamada, M.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. S. L. Gomes, C. B. de Araujo, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig Ryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2169 (1990).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Liu, M. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, B. J. Ainslie, S. P. Craig, Electron. Lett. 23, 1321 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1631 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Noncryst. Solids (1)

K. Oh, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, J. Noncryst. Solids 149, 229 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. C. Hanna, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 72, 230 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 75, 283 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Takeshita, M. Horiguchi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 13 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper MB2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Attenuation spectrum of the Tm-doped fiber. The ground state is 3H6, and the upper levels of the absorption transitions are assigned.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power from the 2-m fiber as a function of the absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral output of the 2-m fiber in the 99.5% input end reflection configuration: curve (a), spectrum pumped with 780 mW of power; curve (b), spectrum pumped with 70 mW of power and the vertical scale expanded by 1000.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral bandwidth (FWHM) of the 2-m fiber as a function of output ASE power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Average wavelength of the ASE as a function of absorbed pump power for all fibers and configurations.

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