Abstract

High-order harmonics have been generated by the use of an annular laser beam. The nonlinearity of harmonic production and the shorter wavelengths involved cause the harmonics to emerge strongly peaked on the laser axis. Thus the harmonics emerge from the focus inside the missing portion of the laser beam. This permits the laser to be blocked by an aperture that passes the harmonics.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).
  4. A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Corkum, M. Perry, eds., Short Wavelength V: Physics with Intense Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).
  8. S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.
  9. J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 38, 1770 (1993).
  10. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y.-H. Chuang, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Augst, H. Chen, J. Peatross, S. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1226 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 8, p. 370.
  13. J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3066 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Peatross, “The far-field angular distribution of high-order harmonics produced in light scattering from a thin low-density gas target,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1993).

1993 (5)

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 38, 1770 (1993).

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3066 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S.

Y.-H. Chuang, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Augst, H. Chen, J. Peatross, S. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1226 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 8, p. 370.

Chen, H.

Chuang, Y.-H.

Ciarrocca, M.

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Ivanov, M. Yu.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, J.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lompré, L. A.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3066 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 38, 1770 (1993).

Y.-H. Chuang, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Augst, H. Chen, J. Peatross, S. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1226 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.

Morre, C. I.

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.

Mourou, G.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 38, 1770 (1993).

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3066 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Chuang, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Augst, H. Chen, J. Peatross, S. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1226 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Peatross, “The far-field angular distribution of high-order harmonics produced in light scattering from a thin low-density gas target,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1993).

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salieres, P.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J. W. G.

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Uchida, S.

Wahlstrom, C. G.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 8, p. 370.

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 38, 1770 (1993).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, C. G. Wahlstrom, Phys. Rev. A 48, R3433 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, L. A. Lompré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 166 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. Peatross, D. D. Meyerhofer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3066 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. Peatross, “The far-field angular distribution of high-order harmonics produced in light scattering from a thin low-density gas target,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1993).

P. Corkum, M. Perry, eds., Short Wavelength V: Physics with Intense Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

S. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. Peatross, C. I. Morre, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds., Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 23–27.

R. A. Smith, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Ciarrocca, S. Augst, M. H. R. Hutchinson, in Super-Intense Laser Atom Physics, B. Piraux, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993).

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 8, p. 370.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup used to create a doughnut-shaped beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured distribution of the doughnut-shaped beam (a) at focus and (b) after focus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field angular profile of high-order harmonics created at the focus of (a) a Gaussian beam and (b) the doughnut-shaped beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated distribution of the doughnut-shaped laser beam (solid curves) and the 11th harmonic calculated from lowest-order perturbation theory (dashed curves) (a) at the focus and (b) after the focus.

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