Abstract

Dispersion compensation is demonstrated experimentally by pulse compression with the use of chirped optical fiber Bragg gratings. The gratings chirp is self-induced by the Gaussian intensity profile of the 240-nm wavelength beam used for holographic sidewriting of the grating. Chirped pulses generated by a 1.55-μm. gain-switched distributed-feedback laser with an initial pulse duration of 21 ps and a spectral width of 0.7 nm are compressed to 13 ps, in good agreement with theory.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

1993 (5)

J. E. Roman, K. A. Winick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 975 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Poladian, Phys. Rev. E 48, 4758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, D. C. J Reid, Electron. Lett. 28, 487 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 16, 303 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-F. Liu, Y. Ogawa, S. Oshiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1284 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (2)

1976 (1)

C. Elachi, Proc. IEEE 64, 1666 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

S. Chandra, N. Takeuchi, S. R. Hartmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 144 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1989), Chap. 3.

Ahmed, K. A.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bricheno, T.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byron, K. C.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

S. Chandra, N. Takeuchi, S. R. Hartmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 144 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Elachi, C.

C. Elachi, Proc. IEEE 64, 1666 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Farries, M. C.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, D. C. J Reid, Electron. Lett. 28, 487 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

Glenn, W. H.

Hartmann, S. R.

S. Chandra, N. Takeuchi, S. R. Hartmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 144 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, in Integrated Optics, 2nd ed., T. Tamir, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975), p. 15.

Lee, P.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Legoubin, S.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-F.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H.-F. Liu, Y. Ogawa, S. Oshiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1284 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Niay, P.

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H.-F. Liu, Y. Ogawa, S. Oshiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1284 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, N.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oshiba, S.

H.-F. Liu, Y. Ogawa, S. Oshiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1284 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

Poladian, L.

L. Poladian, Phys. Rev. E 48, 4758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Priest, R. G.

Ragdale, C. M.

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, D. C. J Reid, Electron. Lett. 28, 487 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. C. J

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, D. C. J Reid, Electron. Lett. 28, 487 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Roman, J. E.

J. E. Roman, K. A. Winick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 975 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, N.

S. Chandra, N. Takeuchi, S. R. Hartmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 144 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Winick, K. A.

J. E. Roman, K. A. Winick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 975 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Chandra, N. Takeuchi, S. R. Hartmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 144 (1972).
[CrossRef]

H.-F. Liu, Y. Ogawa, S. Oshiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1284 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H.-F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 29, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Farries, C. M. Ragdale, D. C. J Reid, Electron. Lett. 28, 487 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Byron, K. Sugden, T. Bricheno, I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 29, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. E. Roman, K. A. Winick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 975 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, J. Opt. (Paris) 23, 143 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

L. Poladian, Phys. Rev. E 48, 4758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

C. Elachi, Proc. IEEE 64, 1666 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1989), Chap. 3.

H. Kogelnik, in Integrated Optics, 2nd ed., T. Tamir, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975), p. 15.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prism interferometer for ultraviolet holographic sidewriting of self-chirped fiber gratings. The broadband source and the spectrum analyzer permit transmission spectra to be observed in real time.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measurement of pulse compression.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelator traces of the optical pulses: (a) the initial chirped gain-switched pulse (duration, 21 ± 1 ps), (b) reflection from the grating (duration, 13 ± 1 ps), (c) after reflection from the reversed grating (duration, 40 ± 1 ps). SHG, second-harmonic generation.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Measured and Calculated Pulse Durations

Equations (6)

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λ B ( z ) = 2 n ¯ ( z ) Λ ( z ) ,
n ¯ ( z ) = n 0 + Δ n exp ( z 2 / L 2 ) ( z 0 ) ,
κ ( z ) = κ 0 exp ( z 2 / L 2 ) ,
δ ( z ) = δ 0 + 2 κ 0 exp ( z 2 / L 2 ) ,
δ 0 = 2 π λ 2 π λ B ,
DL = τ λ = 2 π c λ 2 2 ϕ ( ω ) ω 2 ,

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