Abstract

Efficient room-temperature operation of a fast-axial-flow rf-discharge-excited CO laser is described. A steady-state laser output of 268 W has been obtained with a CO/N2/He/Xe/O2 mixture from a 19-mm-diameter, 300-mm-long discharge. The corresponding electrical conversion efficiency and the specific laser output are as high as 13.5% and 3.15 W/cm3, respectively. The role of Xe in the mixtures is discussed. The specific laser output achieved is comparable with those of the high-power industrial CO2 lasers in which a similar excitation scheme is applied.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.
  3. H. von Bülow, M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 287 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Maisenhälder, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (High Temperature Society of Japan, Osaka, Japan, 1992), p. 43.
  5. S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. L. Bhaumik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 188 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Shimizu, S. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L180 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).
  12. B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).
  13. W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

1994

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. von Bülow, M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

1991

H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).

1983

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980

P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1970

M. L. Bhaumik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 188 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Averin, A. P.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Baker, H. J.

H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Basov, N. G.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bhaumik, M. L.

M. L. Bhaumik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 188 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bohrer, M.

B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).

Cheburkin, N. V.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Danilychev, V. A.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drachuk, L. N.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fuss, W.

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

Glotov, E. P.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. R.

H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Igarashi, K.

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Imatake, S.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Kerimov, O. M.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, Y.

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, M.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Kuribayashi, S.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Kusama, H.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Loosen, P.

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

Luo, X.

X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maisenhälder, F.

F. Maisenhälder, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (High Temperature Society of Japan, Osaka, Japan, 1992), p. 43.

Märten, O.

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

Matsuda, K.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Matveev, I. N.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Noda, O.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Peters, P. J. M.

P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).

Schäfer, J. H.

X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schellhorn, M.

H. von Bülow, M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, W. E.

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

Schuöcker, D.

B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).

Shimamoto, K.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Shimizu, K.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).

Sorkin, A. M.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Soroka, A. M.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

Takahashi, Y.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).

Tanimoto, K.

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taniwaki, M.

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Uhlenbusch, J.

X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ustinov, N. D.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

von Bülow, H.

H. von Bülow, M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Walter, B.

B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).

Witteman, W. J.

P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yugov, V. I.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zuidema, R. J.

P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. von Bülow, M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Sato, K. Igarashi, M. Taniwaki, K. Tanimoto, Y. Kikuchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 669 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bhaumik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 188 (1970).
[CrossRef]

P. J. M. Peters, W. J. Witteman, R. J. Zuidema, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 119 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, H. J. Baker, D. R. Hall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, L180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

X. Luo, J. H. Schäfer, J. Uhlenbusch, Opt. Commun. 102, 65 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

B. Walter, M. Bohrer, D. Schuöcker, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1132, 14 (1989).

W. Fuss, P. Loosen, O. Märten, W. E. Schmid, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1810, 79 (1992).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. P. Averin, N. G. Basov, E. P. Glotov, V. A. Danilychev, L. N. Drachuk, O. M. Kerimov, I. N. Matveev, A. M. Sorkin, A. M. Soroka, N. D. Ustinov, N. V. Cheburkin, V. I. Yugov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1391 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Sato, K. Takahashi, H. Kusama, K. Shimamoto, K. Matsuda, S. Kuribayashi, O. Noda, S. Imatake, M. Kondo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 290.

F. Maisenhälder, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (High Temperature Society of Japan, Osaka, Japan, 1992), p. 43.

K. Shimizu, S. Sato, K. Shimamoto, Y. Takahashi, “A high-performance, fast-axial-flow, radio-frequency discharge-excited CO laser,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of laser power on rf input power for the Xe-free and the Xe-added mixtures. The total pressure is 65 Torr.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of laser power on rf input power for two different total pressures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variations of laser output, CO2 concentration, and emission intensity at 337.13 nm as a function of Xe content. The total pressure is 65 Torr, and the rf input power is 1600 W.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra for the Xe-free (top) and the Xe-added (bottom) mixtures. The total pressure is 65 Torr, and the rf input power is 1600 W.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance Data of the Room-Temperature CO Lasers

Metrics