Abstract

Infrared measurements are presented of the degree of linear polarization of thermally emitted radiation from metallic and glass surfaces. Both types of surface show a rapid increase with target angle of the degree of linear polarization and a rapid fall with increasing surface roughness.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Arago, Ann. Chim. Phys. 27, 89 (1824).
  2. R. A. Millikan, Phys. Rev. 3, 177 (1895).
  3. O. Sandus, Appl. Opt. 4, 1634 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Acquista, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 933, 155 (1988)
  5. R. D. Tooley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1166, 52 (1989).
  6. T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).
  7. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 13, p. 622.
  8. P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, Oxford, 1963), Chap. 3, pp. 25–33.
  9. D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. E. Barrick, in Radar Cross-Section Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1970), Chap. 9, pp. 700–772.
  11. R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977), Chap. 11, pp. 55–59.
  12. D. W. Lane, J. Phys. D 23, 1727 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Beattie, Philos. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

1990 (2)

T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).

D. W. Lane, J. Phys. D 23, 1727 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R. D. Tooley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1166, 52 (1989).

1988 (1)

C. Acquista, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 933, 155 (1988)

1979 (1)

D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

1955 (1)

J. R. Beattie, Philos. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

1895 (1)

R. A. Millikan, Phys. Rev. 3, 177 (1895).

1824 (1)

F. Arago, Ann. Chim. Phys. 27, 89 (1824).

Acquista, C.

C. Acquista, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 933, 155 (1988)

Arago, F.

F. Arago, Ann. Chim. Phys. 27, 89 (1824).

Aspnes, D. E.

D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Azzam, R. M. A.

R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977), Chap. 11, pp. 55–59.

Barrick, D. E.

D. E. Barrick, in Radar Cross-Section Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1970), Chap. 9, pp. 700–772.

Bashara, N. M.

R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977), Chap. 11, pp. 55–59.

Beattie, J. R.

J. R. Beattie, Philos. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

Beckmann, P.

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, Oxford, 1963), Chap. 3, pp. 25–33.

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 13, p. 622.

Hottier, F.

D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lane, D. W.

D. W. Lane, J. Phys. D 23, 1727 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Millikan, R. A.

R. A. Millikan, Phys. Rev. 3, 177 (1895).

Rice, J. E.

T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).

Rogne, T. J.

T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).

Sandus, O.

Smith, F. G.

T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).

Spizzichino, A.

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, Oxford, 1963), Chap. 3, pp. 25–33.

Theeten, J. B.

D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tooley, R. D.

R. D. Tooley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1166, 52 (1989).

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 13, p. 622.

Ann. Chim. Phys. (1)

F. Arago, Ann. Chim. Phys. 27, 89 (1824).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

D. W. Lane, J. Phys. D 23, 1727 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

J. R. Beattie, Philos. Mag. 46, 235 (1955).

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. A. Millikan, Phys. Rev. 3, 177 (1895).

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

D. E. Aspnes, J. B. Theeten, F. Hottier, Phys. Rev. B. 20, 3292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (3)

C. Acquista, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 933, 155 (1988)

R. D. Tooley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1166, 52 (1989).

T. J. Rogne, F. G. Smith, J. E. Rice, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1317, 242 (1990).

Other (4)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), Chap. 13, p. 622.

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, Oxford, 1963), Chap. 3, pp. 25–33.

D. E. Barrick, in Radar Cross-Section Handbook (Plenum, New York, 1970), Chap. 9, pp. 700–772.

R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977), Chap. 11, pp. 55–59.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured degree of linear polarization of thermally emitted radiation as a function of target angle for various values of the rms surface roughness σ for soda-lime glass. The solid curve is calculated for smooth glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured degree of linear polarization of thermally emitted radiation as a function of target angle for aluminum. The solid curve is calculated for smooth aluminum.

Equations (6)

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ρ ( θ , λ ) + t ( θ , λ ) + a ( θ , λ ) = 1 ,
ρ ( θ , λ ) + t ( θ , λ ) + e ( θ , λ ) = 1 ,
e ( θ ) = 1 - ρ ( θ ) .
e p ( θ ) = 1 - ρ p ( θ ) ,
e s ( θ ) = 1 - ρ s ( θ ) .
P = ( I max - I min ) / ( I max + I min ) .

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