Abstract

Gratings formed by photorefractive and photoisomerization processes in an azo-dye-doped polymer, poly(vinyl carbazole):trinitrofluorenone/Disperse Red I, are investigated by polarization- and field-dependent four-wave mixing experiments. High diffraction efficiencies and long storage times are observed for the photorefractive gratings. Both types of grating are erasable, and we can select them by choosing the polarization of the reading beam. The effect of photoisomerization on photorefractivity is discussed. Our results indicate that azo-dye-doped polymers are promising candidates for reversible optical storage applications.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. S. Schildkraut, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 340 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. J. M. Donckers, S. M. Silence, C. A Walsh, F. Hache, D. M. Burland, W. E. Moerner, R. J. Twieg, Opt. Lett. 18, 1044 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988); Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Eich, J. Wendorff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1428 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  11. W. D. Gill, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5033 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Onsager, Phys. Rev. 54, 554 (1938).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Charra, F. Kajzar, J. M. Numzi, P. Raimond, E. Idiart, Opt. Lett. 18, 941 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1992 (3)

A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Schildkraut, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1972 (1)

W. D. Gill, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5033 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

1938 (1)

L. Onsager, Phys. Rev. 54, 554 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Burland, D. M.

Charra, F.

Cui, Zhang Y.

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Donckers, M. C. J. M.

Ducharme, S.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eich, M.

Gill, W. D.

W. D. Gill, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5033 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

Hall, H. K

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hall, H. K.

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Idiart, E.

Kajzar, F.

Kippelen, B.

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Moerner, W. E.

Nathansohn, A.

A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Numzi, J. M.

Onsager, L.

L. Onsager, Phys. Rev. 54, 554 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Padias, A. B.

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, P.

Rochon, P.

A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schildkraut, J. S.

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Schildkraut, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scott, J. C.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silence, S. M.

Tamura, K.

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Twieg, R. J.

Walsh, C. A

Wendorff, J.

Williams, D. J.

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. S. Schildkraut, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, A. B. Padias, H. K Hall, N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1803 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang Y. Cui, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

W. D. Gill, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5033 (1972).
[CrossRef]

B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Macro-molecules (1)

A. Nathansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, Macro-molecules 25, 5531 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

L. Onsager, Phys. Rev. 54, 554 (1938).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. Günter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988); Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear absorption spectrum of poly(vinyl carbazole):trinitrofluorenone (PVR:TNF) and poly(vinyl carbazole):trinitrofluorenone/Disperse Red I (PVK:TNF/DR1).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoconductivity (open squares), quantum efficiency (filled circles), and effective electro-optic coefficient (filled triangles) measured in a 1.2-μm-thick film of poly(vinyl carbazole):trinitrofluorenone/Disperse Red I.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

s and p components of the diffracted signal when the reading beam is polarized at 45° with respect to the writing beams measured in a 100-μm-thick sample: (a) s readout diffraction efficiency, (b) p readout diffraction efficiency.

Metrics