Abstract

We report a self-starting stretched-pulse polarization additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser with high output power. By using the light normally absorbed by the intracavity polarizer as the output, we obtained pulses with energies greater than 0.5 nJ at a repetition rate of 48 MHz. External chirp compensation was used to shorten the highly chirped output pulses to durations of less than 100 fs. The power levels suggest that erbium-doped fiber lasers may replace bulk solid-state lasers, such as the color-center laser, for some applications.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. E. Dennis, I. R. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  5. S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, K. Tamura, “Additive pulse mode locking in fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  8. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. Y. Liu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1736 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, M. L. Stock, Opt. Lett. 18, 894 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Wu, J. Strait, R. L. Fork, T. F. Morse, Opt. Lett. 18, 1444 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (5)

1992 (6)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, M. L. Stock, Opt. Lett. 18, 894 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dennis, M. E.

M. E. Dennis, I. R. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Duling, I. R.

M. E. Dennis, I. R. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, M. L. Stock, Opt. Lett. 18, 894 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fork, R. L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. Y. Liu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1736 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, K. Tamura, “Additive pulse mode locking in fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Hofer, M.

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. Y. Liu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1736 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, K. Tamura, “Additive pulse mode locking in fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Kelly, S. M. J.

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. Y.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Noske, D. U.

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pandit, N.

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Silberberg, Y.

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, M. L. Stock, Opt. Lett. 18, 894 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stock, M. L.

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, Y. Silberberg, M. L. Stock, Opt. Lett. 18, 894 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Strait, J.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, K. Tamura, “Additive pulse mode locking in fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Taylor, J. R.

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, M. J. Andrejco, M. L. Stock, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 63 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Pandit, D. U. Noske, S. M. J. Kelly, J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, F. Haberl, M. E. Fermann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, K. Tamura, “Additive pulse mode locking in fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

M. E. Dennis, I. R. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,”IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental system configuration. Dispersive delay lines (DDL’s) were used to compensate the chirp externally. Forward operation is defined as counterclockwise in the figure. For reverse operation (clockwise), the bulk components are reversed in order.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reverse-operation results: autocorrelations of negatively chirped pulse (outer trace) and pulse after external chirp compensation (inner trace). The dashed trace is the theoretical autocorrelation of a sech pulse. The inset is the spectrum of the autocorrelated pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Forward-operation results: autocorrelations of positively chirped pulse (outer trace) and pulse after external chirp compensation in a fiber delay line at low powers (inner trace). The dashed trace is the theoretical autocorrelation of a sech pulse. The inset is the chirped and low-power compressed pulse spectrum.

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