Abstract

Sharp atomic and ionic line spectra of excimer-laser-induced ablation plasmas of samples in liquids were observed. A new double-pulse technique employing quartz fibers facilitates spectral analysis of samples in liquids in which spectral lines normally are strongly broadened and quenched. The first pulse generates a cavitation bubble on the sample surface, which provides a gaseous environment for optical emission spectroscopy on the ablation plasma induced by a second pulse fired into the bubble.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Moenke-Blankenburg, Laser Micro Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1989).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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1992

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

J. Uebbing, J. Brust, W. Sdorra, F. Leis, K. Niemax, Appl. Spectrosc. 45, 1419 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Owens, V. Majidi, Appl. Spectrosc. 45, 1463 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

1990

1989

A. Vogel, W. Lauterborn, R. Timm, J. Fluid Mech. 206, 299 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984

1979

1952

L. Trilling, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 14 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Brust, J.

Cremers, D. A.

Dressel, M.

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haase, K. K.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

Hack, H.

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hillrichs, G.

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karsch, K. R.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

Kunstmann, R.

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, H. S.

Lauterborn, W.

A. Vogel, W. Lauterborn, R. Timm, J. Fluid Mech. 206, 299 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Leis, F.

Loree, T. R.

Majidi, V.

Measures, R. M.

Moenke-Blankenburg, L.

L. Moenke-Blankenburg, Laser Micro Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1989).

Neu, W.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

W. Neu, R. Nyga, in Laser in Medicine, W. Waidelich, R. Waidelich, A. Hofstetter, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 317.
[CrossRef]

Niemax, K.

Nyga, R.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

W. Neu, R. Nyga, in Laser in Medicine, W. Waidelich, R. Waidelich, A. Hofstetter, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 317.
[CrossRef]

Owens, M.

Preisack, M.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

Radziemski, L. J.

Sdorra, W.

Timm, R.

A. Vogel, W. Lauterborn, R. Timm, J. Fluid Mech. 206, 299 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Trilling, L.

L. Trilling, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 14 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Uebbing, J.

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel, W. Lauterborn, R. Timm, J. Fluid Mech. 206, 299 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wehrmann, M.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

G. Hillrichs, M. Dressel, H. Hack, R. Kunstmann, W. Neu, Appl. Phys. B 54, 208 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

J. Appl. Phys.

L. Trilling, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 14 (1952).
[CrossRef]

J. Fluid Mech.

A. Vogel, W. Lauterborn, R. Timm, J. Fluid Mech. 206, 299 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med.

M. Preisack, W. Neu, K. K. Haase, R. Nyga, M. Wehrmann, K. R. Karsch, Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

R. Nyga, W. Neu, M. Preisack, K. K. Haase, K. R. Karsch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1525, 119 (1991).

Other

L. Moenke-Blankenburg, Laser Micro Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1989).

W. Neu, R. Nyga, in Laser in Medicine, W. Waidelich, R. Waidelich, A. Hofstetter, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), p. 317.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for optical emission spectroscopy of ablation plasmas within laser-induced cavitation bubbles. HR, high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical emission spectra from calcite (a) in air, (b) in water using the single-pulse technique, and (c) in water using the double-pulse technique. The arrows mark the wavelengths of the identified calcium lines. The pulse energy was 10 mJ for all spectra shown.

Equations (1)

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R max p ( Φ - Φ thr ) ,

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