Abstract

The first application, to our knowledge, of an all-solid-state system of lasers to the study of a single cooled trapped Sr+ ion is described. Quantum jumps have been observed by driving the 674-nm 5s 2S1/2−4d 2D5/2 transition, and preliminary observations of the line shape are reported. An upper limit for the temperature of a single ion, derived from the 674-nm linewidth, was 200 mK. If non-Doppler sources of broadening such as unresolved Zeeman structure dominate, then the temperature limit would be even lower.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. Wineland, H. Dehmelt, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 637 (1975).
  2. T. W. Hinsch, A. L. Schawlow, Opt. Commun. 13, 68 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  3. See the special issue on physics of trapped ions,J. Mod. Opt. 39, 193–443 (1992), and references therein.
  4. H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).
  5. C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.
  6. A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
    [Crossref]
  7. A. A. Madej, J. D. Sankey, Opt. Lett. 15, 634 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 24 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  9. Performed by T. Brown, Metal Crystals and Oxides Ltd., Button End, Harston, Cambridge, UK.
  10. A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).
  12. G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, R. Drullinger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.
  15. W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
    [Crossref]

1992 (4)

See the special issue on physics of trapped ions,J. Mod. Opt. 39, 193–443 (1992), and references therein.

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

A. A. Madej, J. D. Sankey, Opt. Lett. 15, 634 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).

1975 (2)

D. J. Wineland, H. Dehmelt, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 637 (1975).

T. W. Hinsch, A. L. Schawlow, Opt. Commun. 13, 68 (1975).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 24 (1967).
[Crossref]

Barwood, G. P.

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

Bell, A. S.

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

Berger, W. E.

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J. C.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Dahmani, B.

Dehmelt, H.

W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. J. Wineland, H. Dehmelt, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 637 (1975).

Dehmelt, H. G.

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).

Drullinger, R.

Edwards, C. S.

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

Elsner, F.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Gallagher, A.

A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 24 (1967).
[Crossref]

Gill, P.

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

Hanes, G. R.

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Hinsch, T. W.

T. W. Hinsch, A. L. Schawlow, Opt. Commun. 13, 68 (1975).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

Itano, W. M.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Klein, H. A.

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

Levick, A. P.

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

Madej, A. A.

A. A. Madej, J. D. Sankey, Opt. Lett. 15, 634 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nagourney, W.

W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

O’Sullivan, M. S.

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Raizen, M. G.

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Rowley, W. R. C.

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

Sankey, J. D.

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hinsch, A. L. Schawlow, Opt. Commun. 13, 68 (1975).
[Crossref]

Wineland, D. J.

D. J. Wineland, H. Dehmelt, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 637 (1975).

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Ya, N.

W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

D. J. Wineland, H. Dehmelt, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 20, 637 (1975).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

H. G. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-31, 83 (1982).

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

A. S. Bell, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, A. P. Levick, W. R. C. Rowley, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 381 (1992), and references therein.
[Crossref]

See the special issue on physics of trapped ions,J. Mod. Opt. 39, 193–443 (1992), and references therein.

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, W. R. C. Rowley, Meas. Sci. Technol. 3, 406 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. A. Madej, W. E. Berger, G. R. Hanes, M. S. O’Sullivan, Opt. Commun. 73, 147 (1989).
[Crossref]

W. Nagourney, N. Ya, H. Dehmelt, Opt. Commun. 79, 176 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hinsch, A. L. Schawlow, Opt. Commun. 13, 68 (1975).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

A. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. 157, 24 (1967).
[Crossref]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

G. P. Barwood, C. S. Edwards, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, W. R. C. Rowley, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1837, 271 (1992).

Other (3)

J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, F. Elsner, M. G. Raizen, D. J. Wineland, in Light-Induced Kinetic Effects on Atoms, Ions and Molecules, L. Moi, S. Gozzinni, C. Gabbanini, E. Arimondo, F. Strumia, eds. (ETS Editnie, Pisa, Italy, 1991), p. 291.

Performed by T. Brown, Metal Crystals and Oxides Ltd., Button End, Harston, Cambridge, UK.

C. S. Edwards, H. A. Klein, P. Gill, G. P. Barwood, A. P. Levick, in Digest of IEE Meeting on Fibre and Solid-State Lasers (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992), p. 5/1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial term scheme of Sr+ showing the transitions necessary to cool and probe trapped ions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

All-solid-state scheme for producing the radiations needed to laser cool and probe trapped Sr+.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Quantum jumps of a single Sr+ ion. Fluorescence from the 422-nm 2S1/22P1/2 transition is extinguished when the ion is driven into the metastable 2D5/2 state by 674-nm radiation and returns when the ion decays back to the ground state.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Profile of the 674-nm 2S1/22D5/2 transition for a single Sr+ ion. Each frequency axis bin represents the sum of 40 successive interrogations.

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