Abstract

We have demonstrated a system for subpicosecond, soft-x-ray-continuum, pump–probe absorption spectroscopy. By using a correlation measurement of visible and soft-x-ray photons we report the temporal profile of laser-generated x-ray pulses near 90 eV.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.
  3. S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.
  4. C. L. Cromer, J. M. Bridges, J. R. Roberts, T. B. Lucatorto, Appl. Opt. 24, 2996 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  7. M. Rosen, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 1989); LASNEX plasma model calculations predict emission time of ~1 ps at 90 eV for 300 J cm−2 absorbed.
  8. J. Squire, F. Salin, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 324 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Asaoka, S.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bridges, J. M.

Cooke, W. E.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

Cromer, C. L.

Davey, S.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

Davey, S. C.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Falcone, R. W.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R. R.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

Hayaishi, T.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Isoyama, G.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kageyama, Y.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Lucatorto, T.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

Lucatorto, T. B.

McIlrath, T. J.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

Mikuni, A.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, Y.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. R.

Rosen, M.

M. Rosen, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 1989); LASNEX plasma model calculations predict emission time of ~1 ps at 90 eV for 300 J cm−2 absorbed.

Salin, F.

Squire, J.

Suzuki, I. H.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

van Woerkom, L. D.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

Waskiewicz, W. K.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

Watanabe, M.

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, R. W. Falcone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

T. Hayaishi, Y. Morioka, Y. Kageyama, M. Watanabe, I. H. Suzuki, A. Mikuni, G. Isoyama, S. Asaoka, M. Nakamura, J. Phys. B 17, 3511 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, V. P. Krainov, Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).

Other (3)

M. Rosen, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. (personal communication, 1989); LASNEX plasma model calculations predict emission time of ~1 ps at 90 eV for 300 J cm−2 absorbed.

L. D. van Woerkom, R. R. Freeman, S. Davey, W. E. Cooke, T. J. McIlrath, in High-Energy Density Physics with Subpicosecond Laser Pulses, Vol. 17 of 1989 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper PDP3.

S. C. Davey, R. R. Freeman, T. J. McIlrath, L. D. van Woerkom, W. K. Waskiewicz, T. Lucatorto, in Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. 11 of OSA Proceedings Series, P. H. Bucksbaum, N. M. Ceglio, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 160.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical data showing spectra transmitted by multilayer reflectivity only [curve (a)], neutral Kr gas [curve (b)], and ionized Kr gas [curve (c)]. Curves are offset for clarity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical modeling of multiphoton ionization of Kr gas in the center of the ionizing beam: fractional population of Kr ionization stages versus time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra transmitted through Kr gas at various delays of the x-ray pulse relative to the ionizing pulse.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Change in time-integrated transmission on 91.2-eV absorption line versus delay of the x-ray relative to the ionizing pulse. Crosses and triangles, plasma-producing intensity of 1.1 × 1016 and 0.4 × 1016 W cm−2, respectively. Scale is normalized to the change in transmission at Δt > 0. Inset: soft-x-ray pulses derived from data in the figure.

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