Abstract

We report the transverse instability of laser beams due to counterpropagation in photorefractive KNbO3. Hexagonal unstable emission emerges around two counterpropagating pump beams. This emission is in the same linear polarization with the pump beams and is observed in configurations where reflection gratings are dominant.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. J. Firth, C. Paré, Opt. Lett. 13, 1096 (1988).
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  2. W. J. Firth, A. Fitzgerald, C. Paré, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1087 (1990).
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  5. G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Pender, L. Hesselink, IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 25, 395 (1989).
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  7. J. Pender, L. Hesselink, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1361 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).
  11. J. Feinberg, K. R. MacDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Chap. 5.
  12. P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 2.
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Günter, F. Micheron, Ferroelectrics 18, 27 (1978).
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  14. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, New York, 1984), Chap. 7.
  15. A. Maruani, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 558 (1980).
    [Crossref]

1992 (2)

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

1989 (1)

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 25, 395 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (3)

G. Grynberg, Opt. Commun. 66, 321 (1988).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

W. J. Firth, C. Paré, Opt. Lett. 13, 1096 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

1980 (1)

A. Maruani, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 558 (1980).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

P. Günter, F. Micheron, Ferroelectrics 18, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

Bloch, D.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chang, R.

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Courtois, J.-Y.

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ducloy, M.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Feinberg, J.

J. Feinberg, K. R. MacDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Chap. 5.

Firth, W. J.

Fitzgerald, A.

Grynberg, G.

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, Opt. Commun. 66, 321 (1988).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Günter, P.

P. Günter, F. Micheron, Ferroelectrics 18, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 2.
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1361 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 25, 395 (1989).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J.-P.

P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 2.
[Crossref]

Indik, R.

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Le Bihan, E.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Le Boiteux, S.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

MacDonald, K. R.

J. Feinberg, K. R. MacDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Chap. 5.

Maître, A.

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

Maruani, A.

A. Maruani, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 558 (1980).
[Crossref]

Micheron, F.

P. Günter, F. Micheron, Ferroelectrics 18, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Novikov, A. D.

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

Obukhovskii, V. V.

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

Odulov, S. G.

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

Paré, C.

Pender, J.

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1361 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 25, 395 (1989).
[Crossref]

Pepper, D. M.

Petrossian, A.

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pinard, M.

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rios Leite, J. R.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Simoneau, P.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sturman, B. I.

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

Verkerk, P.

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wright, E. M.

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, New York, 1984), Chap. 7.

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, New York, 1984), Chap. 7.

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Petrossian, M. Pinard, A. Maître, J.-Y. Courtois, G. Grynberg, Europhys. Lett. 18, 689 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

P. Günter, F. Micheron, Ferroelectrics 18, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Maruani, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 558 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Pender, L. Hesselink, IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 25, 395 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

JETP Lett. (1)

A. D. Novikov, V. V. Obukhovskiǐ, S. G. Odulov, B. I. Sturman, JETP Lett. 44, 538 (1986).

Opt. Commun. (3)

G. Grynberg, Opt. Commun. 66, 321 (1988).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, E. Le Bihan, P. Verkerk, P. Simoneau, J. R. Rios Leite, D. Bloch, S. Le Boiteux, M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 67, 363 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. Chang, W. J. Firth, R. Indik, J. V. Moloney, E. M. Wright, Opt. Commun. 88, 167 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, New York, 1984), Chap. 7.

J. Feinberg, K. R. MacDonald, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications II, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Chap. 5.

P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap. 2.
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for observations of transverse instability. The counterpropagating pump beam is generated (a) by using a BaTiO3 self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror and (b) by the reflection from the back surface of the KNbO3 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission patterns around pump beams. Photographs (a) and (b) were taken in the configuration of Fig. 1(a) with exposure times of 1/60 and 5 s, respectively. Photograph (c) was taken in the configuration of Fig. 1(b) with pump beams misaligned in a horizontal plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Interactions of transverse components in one dimension. (b) Phase-matching triangle for the scattering of E1 from the grating formed by the interference EpEp′*.

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