Abstract

We demonstrate polarization-selective computer-generated holograms with independent phase profiles for the two orthogonal linear polarizations. The holograms are made of two surface-relief-etched birefringent substrates joined face to face. We describe their design and fabrication and present experimental results for dual binary-phase computer-generated holograms fabricated in lithium niobate. The first-order diffraction efficiency varied from 6% to 25%, with as much as 40:1 contrast between polarizations. Such elements can be used in compact optoelectronic systems or combined with electro-optic polarization rotators to make electrically controlled optical elements.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, K. Stoyanova, N. Tomova, Appl. Opt. 24, 785 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y. T. Huang, Appl. Opt. 29, 3848 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).
  5. A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Swanson, M.I.T. Lincoln Lab. Tech. Rep. 854 (August1989).
  7. D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

R. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y. T. Huang, Appl. Opt. 29, 3848 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Flanders, D. C.

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. T.

Katayama, R.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

Kato, M.

Kimura, Y.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R.

Lee, M. C.

Nikolova, L.

Ohba, A.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ono, Y.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Song, Q. W.

Stoyanova, K.

Sugama, S.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, G.

G. Swanson, M.I.T. Lincoln Lab. Tech. Rep. 854 (August1989).

Talbot, P. J.

Tam, E.

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Urino, Y.

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, R. Katayama, Y. Ono, Appl. Phys. 29, 5131 (1990).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. C. Flanders, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 492 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Ohba, Y. Kimura, S. Sugama, Y. Urino, Y. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 359 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

G. Swanson, M.I.T. Lincoln Lab. Tech. Rep. 854 (August1989).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

BCGH geometry, showing the two etched substrates joined face to face. H-pol and V-pol, horizontally and vertically polarized, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BCGH construction, showing a single pixel of the hologram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental arrangement and output for simple electrically controlled optical system that either images (left-hand side) or Fourier transforms (right-hand side) the input plane depending on the voltage applied to a liquid-crystal (LC) polarization rotator.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Etch Depths Required for Binary-Phase Polarization-Selective Hologramsa

Equations (3)

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ordinary polarization : d 1 ( n o n g ) + d 2 ( n o n g ) = Φ o ,
extraordinary polarization : d 1 ( n e n g ) + d 2 ( n e n g ) = Φ e ,
d 1 = ( n o n g ) Φ e ( n e n g ) Φ o ( n e n g ) ( n o n g ) ( n e n g ) ( n o n g ) , d 2 = ( n o n g ) Φ e ( n e n g ) Φ o ( n e n g ) ( n o n g ) ( n e n g ) ( n o n g ) .

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