Abstract

We show theoretical and experimental evidence for increased quadrature point fluctuations and amplitude and phase noise in interferometric fiber sensors owing to the presence of parasitic Fabry–Perot cavities. We demonstrate greater than 2 orders of magnitude reduction of such effects.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Jackson, A. Dandridge, S. K. Sheem, Opt. Lett. 5, 139 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. P. Koo, G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 670 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

K. P. Koo, G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 670 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1191 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, D. M.

D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Jackson, A. Dandridge, S. K. Sheem, Opt. Lett. 5, 139 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Koo, G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 670 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marrone, M. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
[CrossRef]

Sheem, S. K.

Sigel, G. H.

K. P. Koo, G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 670 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tveten, A. B.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, M. A. Davis, Electron. Lett. 27, 518 (1191).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. P. Koo, G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 670 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. M. Dagenais, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 518 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. C1, C2, 3-dB fiber couplers; PZ1, PZ2, piezoelectric cylinders for active phase control; FM, Faraday mirrors; D1, D2, detectors; Iso’s, optical isolators; P.C., manual polarization controller; LIA’s, lock-in amplifiers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Michelson off-quadrature drift as the sideband noise of the 2ω output for a free-running FP cavity [trace (a)] and a FP cavity modulated with 0 . 3 rad / Hz rms white noise [trace (b)].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Michelson sideband noise of the ω output for a free-running FP cavity [trace (a)], a FP cavity modulated with 0 . 3 - rad / Hz rms white noise [trace (b)], and a suppressed FP cavity [trace (c)].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Feedback signal (FB) to the Michelson sensor as a function of the FP modulation frequency. The transfer function of the phase tracker is overlaid for comparison.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = [ 1 + cos ( 2 k D ) ] / [ 1 + sin 2 ( k L ) ] ,
I 1 + ( / 2 ) cos ( 2 k L ) + cos ( 2 k D ) [ 1 + ( / 2 ) cos ( 2 k L ) ] .
I = A 0 + A 1 cos Ω t + A 2 cos 2 Ω t + A 3 cos ω t + A 4 cos 2 ω t + A 5 cos ( ω ± Ω ) t + A 6 cos ( ω ± 2 Ω ) t + A 7 cos ( 2 ω ± Ω ) t + A 8 cos ( 2 ω ± 2 Ω ) t ,
A 0 = 1 + J 0 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) [ 1 + ( / 2 ) J 0 ( 2 k L 1 ) × cos ( 2 k L 0 ) ] + ( / 2 ) J 0 ( 2 k L 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) , A 1 = J 1 ( 2 k L 1 ) sin ( 2 k L 0 ) [ 1 + J 0 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) ] , A 2 = J 2 ( 2 k L 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) [ 1 + J 0 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) ] , A 3 = 2 J 1 ( 2 k D 1 ) sin ( 2 k D 0 ) [ 1 + ( / 2 ) J 0 ( 2 k L 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) ] , A 4 = 2 J 2 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) [ 1 + ( / 2 ) J 0 ( 2 k L 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) ] , A 5 = J 1 ( 2 k L 1 ) J 1 ( 2 k D 1 ) sin ( 2 k L 0 ) sin ( 2 k D 0 ) , A 6 = J 2 ( 2 k L 1 ) J 1 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) sin ( 2 k D 0 ) , A 7 = J 1 ( 2 k L 1 ) J 2 ( 2 k D 1 ) sin ( 2 k L 0 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) , A 8 = J 2 ( 2 k L 1 ) J 2 ( 2 k D 1 ) cos ( 2 k L 0 ) cos ( 2 k D 0 ) .

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