Abstract

We have developed a fiberless 1-TW all-Nd:glass chirped-pulse-amplification laser system that uses high-contrast 0.8–1.4-ps pulses produced directly from a Nd:glass feedback-controlled oscillator. Employing grating-only expansion and compression, the system produces clean (~107 contrast ratio) 1-J, 1–1.4-ps recompressed pulses without added pulse cleaning. Clean microjoule-energy pulses from the oscillator require less subsequent amplification than cw oscillator schemes, thereby minimizing gain–bandwidth narrowing and offering improved contrast with amplified stimulated emission background.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. See, e.g., M. D. Perry, D. Strickland, T. Ditmire, F. G. Patterson, Opt. Lett. 17, 604 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Yamakawa, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 16, 1593 (1991).
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  9. Y.-H. Chuang, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Augst, H. Chen, J. Peatross, S. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1226 (1991).
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  10. J.-L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1991 (3)

1990 (3)

P. Heinz, A. Laubereau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 182 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, F. G. Patterson, J. Weston, Opt. Lett. 15, 381 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

1988 (2)

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S.

Bado, P.

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Blair, R. J.

Budnik, F. W.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chuang, Y.-H.

Ditmire, T.

Falcone, R. W.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gobert, O.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, S.

Grigonis, R.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hamster, H.

Harter, D. J.

Heinz, P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kato, Y.

Kulcsár, G.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

L’Huillier, A.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

Lompré, L. A.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Manus, C.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marjoribanks, R. S.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Mihaychuk, J.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

Mourou, G.

J.-L. Tapié, G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, D. J. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nathel, H.

Patterson, F. G.

Peatross, J.

Perry, M. D.

Pessot, M.

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, D. J. Harter, Opt. Lett. 14, 797 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

Sinkyavichyus, G.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stanier, M.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

Strickland, D.

See, e.g., M. D. Perry, D. Strickland, T. Ditmire, F. G. Patterson, Opt. Lett. 17, 604 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

Tapié, J.-L.

Uchida, S.

Weston, J.

White, W.

Yamakawa, K.

Zhao, L.

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

See, e.g., P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Ferray, L. A. Lompré, O. Gobert, A. L’Huillier, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, A. Sanchez, A. S. Gomes, Opt. Commun. 75, 278 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Burneika, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, G. Sinkyavichyus, V. Sirutkaitis, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1034 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. S. Marjoribanks, F. W. Budnik, L. Zhao, G. Kulcsár, M. Stanier, J. Mihaychuk, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600; P. Nickles, I. Will, F. Billhardtt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 600.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the FCM CPA system. FR, Faraday rotator; PC’s, Pockels cells; SF’s, spatial filters; PA’s, power amplifiers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the FCM oscillator. FC, feedback controller; LR, laser rod; SA, saturable absorber cell; TFP, thin-film polarizer; AOM, acousto-optic modulator. (b) Oscilloscope trace of oscillator output. Label A identifies zero as used in Fig. 4.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of 1.2-ps oscillator pulses with Gaussian fit. Apparent satellites are actually trailing pulses produced by residual reflections in the wave plate; their relative amplitude and delay can be altered by substituting different wave plates.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse development in the FCM oscillator, (a) Pulse width (filled diamonds) and bandwidth (open squares) versus round trip, (b) Time–bandwidth product (filled circles, solid curve) and extra bandwidth case (open circles, dashed curve). Zero defined in Fig. 2(b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross-correlation of recompressed pulse (1.2 ps) with clean oscillator pulses.

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