Abstract

A full characterization of a self-starting, passively mode-locked soliton ring fiber laser in terms of its various modes of mode-locked operation, cavity length, and type of fiber used is presented. Direct evidence, based on state-of-polarization measurements, that nonlinear polarization evolution is the responsible mode-locking mechanism is also given.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991); D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. J. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Mollenauer, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 200.
  6. C. J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 17, 417 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (4)

C. J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 17, 417 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

I. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991); D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. J. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. J.

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I.

I. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991); D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. J. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Hansen, P. B.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

Hugi, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Langford, N.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L.

L. Mollenauer, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 200.

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Stone, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (6)

I. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991); D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, V. J. Matsas, M. W. Phillips, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. Digiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

L. Mollenauer, in Digest of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 200.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. WDM, wavelength-division-multiplexing coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum variation with increasing pump power showing onset of mode locking.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum variation for (a) operating mode #1 and (b) operating mode #2 with decreasing pump power. The y axis is logarithmic with arbitrary power units, and the resolution is 0.1 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power hysteresis curves for operating modes #1 (dashed curves) and #2 (solid curves).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ellipticity and azimuth of the light emerging from the output port located before the isolator as a function of pump power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Minimum soliton pulse width versus total cavity length for the two types of fiber used.

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