Abstract

A new method of efficient sum-frequency generation for broadband input fields is theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The method involves using an arrangement with two or more nonlinear mixing crystals, with a time-delay line situated between the crystals, for one of the fundamental fields relative to the other. The delay line temporally shifts the fundamental fields, one relative to another, by a time longer than their coherence time. The improvement in efficiency for sum-frequency generation using this method is much higher than for difference-frequency generation.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1990

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

1981

1980

A. V. Masalow, S. S. Todirashku, Opt. Commun. 32, 497 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1963

R. J. Glauber, Phys. Rev. 130, 2529 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ackerhalt, J. R.

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Band, Y. B.

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bethune, D. S.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Glauber, R. J.

R. J. Glauber, Phys. Rev. 130, 2529 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Heller, D. F.

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasinski, J.

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasinski, J. S.

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masalow, A. V.

A. V. Masalow, S. S. Todirashku, Opt. Commun. 32, 497 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

Todirashku, S. S.

A. V. Masalow, S. S. Todirashku, Opt. Commun. 32, 497 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Westling, L. A.

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

A. V. Masalow, S. S. Todirashku, Opt. Commun. 32, 497 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Glauber, Phys. Rev. 130, 2529 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. S. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4400 (1989); in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 77–82.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. B. Band, D. F. Heller, J. R. Ackerhalt, J. Krasinski, Phys. Rev. A 42, 1515 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Improvement in efficiency in second crystal versus time delay for conversion efficiencies of 5%, 10%, 12%, and 15% in the first crystal. The average asymptotic improvement in efficiency for these curves is 1.14, 1.34, 1.47, and 1.67, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated improvement of SFG and DFG efficiency in the second crystal as a function of the nonlinearity parameter Φ1/2χL.

Equations (2)

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E 1 ( z , τ ) / z = i ω 1 n 1 χ E 3 E 2 * , E 2 ( z , τ ) / z = i ω 2 n 2 χ E 3 E 1 * , E 3 ( z , τ ) / z = i ω 3 n 3 χ E 1 E 2 * ,
E i ( 0 , τ ) = j = n n E i , j exp [ i ( ω i , j τ + θ i , j ) ] = exp [ i ( ω i τ ) ] j = n n E i , j exp [ i ( j Δ i τ + θ i , j ) ] , for i = 1 , 2 ,

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