Abstract

The beating between the eigenpolarization modes from a fiber laser is used to demonstrate an active, polarimetric sensor with direct frequency output. For the measurement of lateral stress applied to the jacketed Nd-doped fiber laser, a sensitivity of 4.8 kHz/g with a good linearity is obtained.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).
  3. P. Barnsley, P. Urquhart, C. Miller, M. Brierley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1339 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. R. Cochlain, R. J. Mears, Electron. Lett. 28, 124 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Jackson, J. Phys. E 18, 981 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Maystre, R. Dändliker, Appl. Opt. 28, 1995 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Bretenater, A. L. Floch, Opt. Commun. 79, 314 (1990), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TUJ25.
  10. J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 42 (1990).
  11. Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

1992 (1)

C. R. Cochlain, R. J. Mears, Electron. Lett. 28, 124 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

F. Bretenater, A. L. Floch, Opt. Commun. 79, 314 (1990), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 42 (1990).

1989 (2)

F. Maystre, R. Dändliker, Appl. Opt. 28, 1995 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

D. A. Jackson, J. Phys. E 18, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

Aida, K.

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, P.

Bretenater, F.

F. Bretenater, A. L. Floch, Opt. Commun. 79, 314 (1990), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Brierley, M.

Cochlain, C. R.

C. R. Cochlain, R. J. Mears, Electron. Lett. 28, 124 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dändliker, R.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Fesler, K. A.

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Floch, A. L.

F. Bretenater, A. L. Floch, Opt. Commun. 79, 314 (1990), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 42 (1990).

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TUJ25.

Jackson, D. A.

D. A. Jackson, J. Phys. E 18, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kalman, R. F.

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Kim, B. Y.

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Kudo, M.

Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. T.

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 42 (1990).

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TUJ25.

Matsas, V. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, F.

Mears, R. J.

C. R. Cochlain, R. J. Mears, Electron. Lett. 28, 124 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C.

Mushiake, Y.

Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

Nakagawa, K.

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Namihira, Y.

Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

Nishi, S.

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TUJ25.

Phillips, M. W.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Urquhart, P.

Yoneda, E.

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Commun. Jpn. (1)

Y. Namihira, M. Kudo, Y. Mushiake, Electron. Commun. Jpn. 60-C, 107 (1977).

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, M. W. Phillips, V. J. Matsas, Electron. Lett. 27, 730 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Cochlain, R. J. Mears, Electron. Lett. 28, 124 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Nakagawa, S. Nishi, K. Aida, E. Yoneda, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 198 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. E (1)

D. A. Jackson, J. Phys. E 18, 981 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Bretenater, A. L. Floch, Opt. Commun. 79, 314 (1990), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1373, 42 (1990).

K. A. Fesler, R. F. Kalman, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1171, 346 (1989).

Other (1)

J. T. Lin, W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), paper TUJ25.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Resonance frequencies of each eigenpolarization mode and their mode beat frequencies.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the experimental setup. DM1, DM2, dichroic mirrors [R > 99% (DM1) and R = 90% (DM2) at 1.06 μm, and T = 80% at 514.5 nm]; PC, polarization controller; ANA, analyzer; PD, silicon photodiode; SA, rf spectrum analyzer; SCOPE, oscilloscope, (b) The cross-sectional view of the stressed region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output signais monitored through the rf spectrum analyzer (a) without a polarization analyzer and (b), (c) with a polarization analyzer for different polarization controller settings.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Shift of PMB frequency versus applied stress.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical bandwidths of (a) LMB signal and (b) PMB signal.

Equations (1)

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Δ f P = c 2 L ( 1 n X 1 n Y ) ( δ v c / 2 n L ) = n X n Y n δ v ,

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