Abstract

We have constructed a scanning confocal laser-feedback microscope that determines surface profiles in the range of 5 nm to 3 μm with ~200-nm lateral discrimination. A direct comparison is made with scanning electron microscopy, and an image of a silicon resolution standard with 40-nm-high structures is shown. The device is also capable of characterizing surface motion with a sensitivity of <1 pm (Hz)−1/2 across a bandwidth of several megahertz. Vibrational analysis of a miniature piezoelectric microphone is demonstrated from 50 Hz to 50 kHz. An operational description of the device is presented in addition to a generalization of laser-feedback theory that includes gas-laser dynamics.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription