Abstract

Mode pulling and étalon effects have been claimed to prevent self-starting in passively mode-locked lasers that use fast saturable absorbers. A unidirectional ring geometry significantly reduces backscatter coupling and thus should facilitate self-starting. We present supportive evidence and demonstrate true self-starting in self-stabilized, passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire and erbium fiber lasers.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. P. Ippen, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, Vol. 55 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. Y. Liu, J. M. Huxley, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 15, 553 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Zehetner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 871 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (5)

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Zehetner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 17, 871 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (6)

1990 (2)

Brabec, T.

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 16, 1331 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Liu, J. M. Huxley, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 15, 553 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, M.

Huxley, J. M.

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 16, 1331 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Liu, J. M. Huxley, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 15, 553 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Ippen, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, Vol. 55 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Kelly, S. M.

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Langford, N.

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. Y.

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wintner, E.

Zehetner, J.

Electron. Lett. (5)

I. N. Duling, Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, N. Langford, A. I. Ferguson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1257 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (1)

E. P. Ippen, in Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, Vol. 55 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Backscatter in a unidirectional ring laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Linear cavity polarization APM erbium fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ring cavity polarization APM erbium fiber laser with single 450-fs pulse per round trip.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ring laser performance versus increasing pump power. The operation regimes are marked.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ring cavity KLM Ti:sapphire laser. O.C., output coupler; H.R., high reflector.

Equations (3)

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b a [ 1 + r i r j exp ( j 2 ϕ i j ) ] exp ( j ϕ L ) ,
Δ ω i j r i r j ( c L ) sin ( 2 ϕ i j ) .
κ N 2 P > 2 | r i r j sin ( 2 ϕ i j ) | ,

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