Abstract

Optical gain was observed on the BX transition of the Cs2+F ionic excimer molecule at 185 nm. The excimer was produced by photoionization of CsF vapor with a laser-produced plasma source. An average net gain coefficient of 0.3 cm−1 was measured for 7 Torr of CsF and a 225-mJ pump laser.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Sauerbrey, H. Langhoff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 179 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Kubodera, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 10 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. T. Yang, V. T. Gylys, R. D. Bower, D. G. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1272 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Frey, S. Kubodera, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1529 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. T. Yang, V. T. Gylys, D. G. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1536 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kubodera, R. Sauerbrey, Opt. Commun. 94, 515 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kubodera, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5867 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 547 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. T. Silfvast, O. R. Wood,J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 609 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. H. Sher, J. J. Macklin, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 12, 891 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. H. Sher, S. J. Benerofe, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 114 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. E. Sharp, Ph.D. dissertation (Rice University, Houston, Tex., 1993).
  17. S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1991 (2)

M. H. Sher, S. J. Benerofe, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

S. Kubodera, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5867 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

1988 (3)

S. Kubodera, L. Frey, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, Opt. Lett. 13, 446 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Steigerwald, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 7376 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (3)

1985 (2)

R. Sauerbrey, H. Langhoff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P.

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, C. P. J.

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benerofe, S. J.

M. H. Sher, S. J. Benerofe, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bower, R. D.

Emmert, F.

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Field, J. E.

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frey, L.

Griegel, T.

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gylys, V. T.

Hahn, K. H.

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hammer, W.

F. Steigerwald, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 7376 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D. G.

Harris, S. E.

M. H. Sher, S. J. Benerofe, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Sher, J. J. Macklin, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 12, 891 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hays, A. K.

J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

King, D. A.

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kubodera, S.

Langhoff, H.

F. Steigerwald, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 7376 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Sauerbrey, H. Langhoff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

Rice, J. K.

J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

Sharp, T. E.

T. E. Sharp, Ph.D. dissertation (Rice University, Houston, Tex., 1993).

Sher, M. H.

Silfvast, W. T.

Steigerwald, F.

F. Steigerwald, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 7376 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wisoff, P. J.

Wood, O. R.

Woodworth, J. R.

J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T. T.

Yin, G. Y.

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, J. F.

M. H. Sher, S. J. Benerofe, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 114 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Sher, J. J. Macklin, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Opt. Lett. 12, 891 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 547 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. K. Rice, A. K. Hays, J. R. Woodworth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Sauerbrey, H. Langhoff, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

F. Steigerwald, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, J. Chem. Phys. 88, 7376 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Kubodera, P. J. Wisoff, R. Sauerbrey, J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5867 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (7)

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. Steigerwald, F. Emmert, H. Langhoff, W. Hammer, T. Griegel, Opt. Commun. 56, 240 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Kubodera, R. Sauerbrey, Opt. Commun. 94, 515 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. P. J. Barty, D. A. King, G. Y. Yin, K. H. Hahn, J. E. Field, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2201 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Benerofe, G. Y. Yin, C. P. Barty, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 3136 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. E. Sharp, Ph.D. dissertation (Rice University, Houston, Tex., 1993).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Potential energy E versus internuclear separation r for the CsF ionic excimer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring VUV gain of CsF ionic excimer molecules. HP, heat-pipe vacuum cell; T, rotating target rod with grooved surface; LiF, lithium fluoride window; VM, VUV monochromator; SC, sodium salicylate scintillator; PMT, photomultiplier tube; DA, digital data-acquisition system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission spectrum of soft-x-ray-excited CsF vapor at ∼7 Torr. The arrows show the spectral regions used in the evaluation of the data.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission intensity as a function of plasma length at 185 nm (filled circles) and at 240 nm (pluses), for a CsF pressure of 7 Torr, viewed (a) on the plasma axis and (b) off axis.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spatial distribution of 185-nm radiation along the excited region measured by scanning of a 0.5-cm aperture across the pumping beam. The dashed curve is a parabolic fit used to estimate the small-signal gain coefficients.

Equations (2)

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I ( z ) exp [ g max 0 z f ( z ) d z ] 1.
g avg = g max L 0 L f ( z ) d z = 2 3 g max .

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