Abstract

Local spatial separation of laser eigenstates is shown to provide a convenient and reliable means for tuning several parameters of a two-frequency laser independently of one another, while the eigenbeams are kept degenerate on the resonator ends. The flexibility gained is illustrated by easy measurements of saturated dispersion in an intracavity absorber.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Marin, P. De Natale, M. Inguscio, M. Prevedelli, L. R. Zink, G. M. Tino, Opt. Lett. 17, 148 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. A. Alekseev, M. A. Gubin, E. D. Protsenko, Laser Phys. 1, 221 (1991).
  3. M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.
  4. N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).
  5. F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 230 (1991). We have slightly modified Eq. (47) of this reference to take the second rutile crystal into account.
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. S. Letokhov, V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.
  7. R. L. Barger, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Le Floch, J. M. Lenormand, G. Ropars, R. Le Naour, Opt. Lett. 9, 496 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Petersen, S. E. Choi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2256 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Zizak, G. A. Petrucci, C. L. Stevenson, J. D. Winefordner, Appl. Opt. 30, 5270 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. W. Shortt, M. L. Jones, A. L. Schawlow, R. M. MacFarlane, R. F. C. Farrow, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 923 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

1991 (5)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

1980 (1)

A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

R. L. Barger, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Alekseev, V. A.

V. A. Alekseev, M. A. Gubin, E. D. Protsenko, Laser Phys. 1, 221 (1991).

Barger, R. L.

R. L. Barger, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Bretenaker, F.

Chebotayev, V. P.

V. S. Letokhov, V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.

Choi, S. E.

Collins, T. L. D.

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Natale, P.

Farrow, R. F. C.

Gubin, M. A.

V. A. Alekseev, M. A. Gubin, E. D. Protsenko, Laser Phys. 1, 221 (1991).

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.

Hall, J. L.

R. L. Barger, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

Jones, M. L.

Koval’chuk, E. V.

M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.

Le Floch, A.

Le Naour, R.

A. Le Floch, J. M. Lenormand, G. Ropars, R. Le Naour, Opt. Lett. 9, 496 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lenormand, J. M.

A. Le Floch, J. M. Lenormand, G. Ropars, R. Le Naour, Opt. Lett. 9, 496 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Letokhov, V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.

MacFarlane, R. M.

Marin, F.

McCaffery, A. J.

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikitin, V. V.

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Nikulchin, A. V.

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Palmer, A. J.

Petersen, J. C.

Petrovskiy, V. N.

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Petrucci, G. A.

Prevedelli, M.

Protsenko, E. D.

V. A. Alekseev, M. A. Gubin, E. D. Protsenko, Laser Phys. 1, 221 (1991).

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Richardson, J. P.

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ropars, G.

Schawlow, A. L.

Shelkovnikov, A. S.

M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.

Shortt, D. W.

Stevenson, C. L.

Taché, J. P.

A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tino, G. M.

Tyurikov, D. A.

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.

Winefordner, J. D.

Wynn, W. J.

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zink, L. R.

Zizak, G.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. (1)

N. G. Basov, M. A. Gubin, V. V. Nikitin, A. V. Nikulchin, D. A. Tyurikov, V. N. Petrovskiy, E. D. Protsenko, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, 89 (1981).

Laser Phys. (1)

V. A. Alekseev, M. A. Gubin, E. D. Protsenko, Laser Phys. 1, 221 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

T. L. D. Collins, A. J. McCaffery, J. P. Richardson, W. J. Wynn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3392 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Barger, J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, J. M. Lenormand, J. P. Taché, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 544 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

V. S. Letokhov, V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3.

M. A. Gubin, D. A. Tyurikov, E. V. Koval’chuk, A. S. Shelkovnikov, in Digest of Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Espace, Paris, 1992), p. 38.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus. R1, R2, the birefringent rutile crystals that provide the spatial separation; G1, G2, the two gain media; A1, A2, the two possible locations of the saturable absorber cell; P, polarizer; D, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power (arbitrary units) of the (a), (c) extraordinary and (b), (d) ordinary eigenstates versus cavity frequency ν (3.0 MHz/division), (a), (b) The absorber is located at A2. (c) The absorber is located at A2 and the coupling constant between the two eigenstates has been increased compared with the case of (a), leading to a deeper dip. (d) The absorber is located at A1, giving rise to a cross-saturated absorption peak midway between the ordinary and extraordinary peaks.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of the beat frequency between the ordinary and extraordinary eigenstates versus cavity frequency ν (horizontal axis, 3.34 MHz/division; vertical axis, 12.5 kHz/division).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental (dots) and theoretical (solid curve) line shapes for one of the two spatially separated eigenstates: (a) saturated dispersion (horizontal axis, 1.64 MHz/division; vertical axis, 12.5 kHz/division), (b) absorption (horizontal axis, 1.64 MHz/division).

Equations (1)

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ν o ν e = c 2 L ( 1 2 + ϕ e , 1 + ϕ e , 2 ϕ o , 1 ϕ o , 2 π ) c 2 L 2 ρ π ,

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