The sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure, temperature, and strain of elliptical-core, D-shaped, bow-tie highly birefringent fibers is experimentally investigated. Both polarimetric and polarization sensitive LP01–LP11 intermodal interferometric responses are studied. The sensitivities are expressed in terms of the experimental parameters Tχ,j describing a 2π phase shift in the cosine response. It is found that bow-tie fibers exhibit a linear response to all the studied external perturbations except for the polarimetric response of the fundamental mode to temperature, while elliptical-core and D-shaped fibers are characterized by a nonlinear sensitivity to both temperature and hydrostatic pressure. The application to fiber-optic sensors of each type of fiber is discussed.
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