Abstract

Photon-echo interference effects are used to manipulate the amplitude and polarization of a single echo generated by the read pulse in a long-lived stimulated echo pulse sequence. Interference is selective in time, frequency, and space, permitting modification of the multiplexed echo code.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Fernbach, W. G. Proctor, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 170 (1955); A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett 7, 77 (1982); L. A. Nefed’ev, V. V. Samartsev, Laser Phys. 2, 617 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 23 (1991).
  5. M. Mitsunaga, M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 13, 536 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. H. Hesselink, D. A. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1991 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N.N. Akhmediev, Opt. Lett. 15, 1035 (1990); J. A. Bell, W. R. Babbitt, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 420; O. V. Tchernyshyov, Laser Phys. 2, 567 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Arend, E. Block, S. R. Hartmann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 308; M. Arend, Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., 1992).
  9. L. Allen, J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, 2nd ed. (Dover, New York, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 55.

1991 (1)

M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 23 (1991).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1982 (1)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett 7, 77 (1982); L. A. Nefed’ev, V. V. Samartsev, Laser Phys. 2, 617 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

W. H. Hesselink, D. A. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1991 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

S. Fernbach, W. G. Proctor, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 170 (1955); A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.N.

Allen, L.

L. Allen, J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, 2nd ed. (Dover, New York, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 55.

Arend, M.

M. Arend, E. Block, S. R. Hartmann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 308; M. Arend, Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., 1992).

Aviksoo, J. A.

A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Block, E.

M. Arend, E. Block, S. R. Hartmann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 308; M. Arend, Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., 1992).

Eberly, J. H.

L. Allen, J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, 2nd ed. (Dover, New York, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 55.

Fernbach, S.

S. Fernbach, W. G. Proctor, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 170 (1955); A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, S. R.

M. Arend, E. Block, S. R. Hartmann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 308; M. Arend, Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., 1992).

Hesselink, W. H.

W. H. Hesselink, D. A. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1991 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kachru, R.

Kim, M. K.

Kuhl, J.

A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 23 (1991).

M. Mitsunaga, M. K. Kim, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 13, 536 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mossberg, T. W.

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett 7, 77 (1982); L. A. Nefed’ev, V. V. Samartsev, Laser Phys. 2, 617 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proctor, W. G.

S. Fernbach, W. G. Proctor, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 170 (1955); A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Uesugi, N.

M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 23 (1991).

Wiersma, D. A.

W. H. Hesselink, D. A. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1991 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yano, R.

M. Mitsunaga, R. Yano, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 16, 23 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Rebane, J. A. Aviksoo, J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Fernbach, W. G. Proctor, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 170 (1955); A. G. Anderson, R. L. Garwin, E. L. Hahn, J. W. Horton, G. L. Tucker, R. M. Walker, J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1324 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett (1)

T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett 7, 77 (1982); L. A. Nefed’ev, V. V. Samartsev, Laser Phys. 2, 617 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. H. Hesselink, D. A. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1991 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Arend, E. Block, S. R. Hartmann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), p. 308; M. Arend, Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., 1992).

L. Allen, J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms, 2nd ed. (Dover, New York, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 55.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Illustration of a backward stimulated photon echo with angled beams. The three excitation pulses are shown as they propagate in space toward the sample (top) and after they leave the sample along with the generated echo (bottom), (b) Illustration of a suppressed photon echo. Five excitation pulses are shown as they propagate toward the sample (top). With t2t1 = t4t3 and ϕ4ϕ3 = ϕ2ϕ1 + π no echo is generated in response to the read (fifth) pulse (bottom).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the apparatus. The Na sample cell is irradiated by pulses of light having wave vectors k1, k2, k3, k4, and kr = −k1. The signal propagates in the −k2 direction and is detected with a photomultiplier tube (PMT).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of the photon-echo amplitude interference signal versus the phase delay. The data are normalized such that the echo due to pulses one, two, and five is 1.00(10); the echo due to pulses three, four, and five is 1.04(08).

Equations (5)

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E j = E 0 j exp [ 1 2 ( t t j τ p ) 2 ] ( x ˆ cos φ j + y ˆ sin φ j ) × cos ( k j r ω t ϕ j ) ,
P = P θ r exp { i [ Ω t k r r + ( ω Ω ) t r + ϕ r ] } × ( G ( t t r t 2 + t 1 ) θ 1 θ 2 exp { i [ ( k 1 k 2 ) r ( ω Ω ) ( t 1 t 2 ) ] } exp ( i ϕ 12 ) ˆ 12 + G ( t t r t 4 + t 3 ) θ 3 θ 4 exp { i [ ( k 3 k 4 ) r ( ω Ω ) ( t 3 t 4 ) ] } exp ( i ϕ 34 ) ˆ 34 ) + c . c . ,
P ˆ 12 cos ( Φ ϕ 12 ) + ˆ 34 cos ( Φ ϕ 34 ) ,
P 2 ˆ 12 cos ( Φ ϕ 12 + ϕ 34 2 ) cos ( ϕ 12 ϕ 34 2 )
P ˆ 12 cos ( Φ ϕ 12 ) + z ˆ × ˆ 12 cos ( Φ ϕ 34 )

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