Abstract

We have frequency doubled a 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser in a quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide and used the ≈1-mW second-harmonic output to investigate the 127I2 transitions near 660 nm. We reached submegahertz laser-frequency stability at a (vacuum) wavelength of 1319.098 nm by locking the second harmonic to the center of the P(48)6–6 transition.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Specifications of the 122-1319-150 laser, Lightwave Electronics, 1161 San Antonio Road, Mountain View, Calif. 94043.
  5. R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1034 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Zhou, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 79 (1991); T. Day, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1106 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Arie, R. L. Byer, “Frequency stabilization of the 1064-nm Nd:YAG lasers to Doppler-broadened lines of iodine,”Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  9. A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 17, 1204 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. G. Suchoski, T. K. Findakly, F. J. Leonberger, Opt. Lett. 13, 1050 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions du CNRS, Paris, 1978).
  15. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (3)

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 17, 1204 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

P. G. Suchoski, T. K. Findakly, F. J. Leonberger, Opt. Lett. 13, 1050 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1034 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 17, 1204 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Arie, R. L. Byer, “Frequency stabilization of the 1064-nm Nd:YAG lasers to Doppler-broadened lines of iodine,”Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Blombergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Boucher, R.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Breton, M.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 17, 1204 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, R. L. Byer, “Frequency stabilization of the 1064-nm Nd:YAG lasers to Doppler-broadened lines of iodine,”Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, N.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Findakly, T. K.

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions du CNRS, Paris, 1978).

Gustafson, E. K.

Ikegami, E.

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Leonberger, F. J.

Lim, E. J.

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Luc, P.

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions du CNRS, Paris, 1978).

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, Y.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Suchoski, P. G.

Sudo, S.

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1034 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1034 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, F.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1034 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. J. Webb, J. D. C. Jones, D. A. Jackson, Electron. Lett. 24, 1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. J. Kozlovsky, Electron. Lett. 25, 731 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu, E. Ikegami, Electron. Lett. 25, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sakai, S. Sudo, T. Ikegami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 75 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Boucher, M. Breton, N. Cyr, M. Tetu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 327 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. C. Chung, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 869 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (1)

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Blombergen, J. Ducuing, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions du CNRS, Paris, 1978).

A. Arie, R. L. Byer, “Frequency stabilization of the 1064-nm Nd:YAG lasers to Doppler-broadened lines of iodine,”Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Specifications of the 122-1319-150 laser, Lightwave Electronics, 1161 San Antonio Road, Mountain View, Calif. 94043.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Normalized transmission through the 127I2 cell. Two separate scans were combined: the left part (15161.6 cm−1) by scanning the laser temperature between 46 and 40 °C, and the right part by scanning between 30 and 24 °C. Line numbers are taken from Ref. 14.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for locking the laser to I2 lines. EOM, electro-optic modulator; PZT, piezoelectric.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical variations of laser frequency, measured with an independent (monitor) I2 cell, under free-running and I2-locked conditions. The inset shows the FM error signal of the P(48)6–6 line.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 127I2 Absorption Lines within the Tuning Range of the Frequency-Doubled 1319-nm Nd:YAG Laser

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