Abstract

A theoretical analysis of the noise properties of an Er-doped superfluorescent fiber source is presented. The optimum fiber design with respect to the signal-to-noise ratio and output power is found.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Iwatsuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 281 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 208 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.
  10. O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (1)

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Iwatsuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 208 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Berg, R. A.

R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Cheung, N. K.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, L.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dahl-Petersen, S.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dam-Hansen, C.

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 208 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dybdal, K.

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Fontana, F.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gimlett, J. L.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Grasso, G.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hedegaard Povlsen, J.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Iqbal, M. Z.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jauncy, I. M.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, C. C.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Lefevre, H. C.

R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lumholt, O.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, B.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Poole, S. B.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, T.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Righetti, A.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rottwitt, K.

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shimoda, K.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Takahasi, H.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Townes, C. H.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Vendeltorp-Pommer, H.

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

Electron. Lett. (4)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1026 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 23, 1076 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grasso, Electron. Lett. 25, 1393 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 96 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Iwatsuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 281 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 208 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. A. Berg, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

O. Lumholt, S. Dahl-Petersen, A. Bjarklev, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, T. Rasmussen, K. Rottwitt, J. Opt. Commun. 13, 114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Dybdal, A. Bjarklev, C. Dam-Hansen, C. C. Larsen, B. Pedersen, J. Hedegaard Povlsen, H. Vendeltorp-Pommer, in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (PTT Nederland and Phillips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1990), pp. 443–446.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the superfluorescent fiber source with a dichroic mirror placed in the input pump end. PASE, amplified spontaneous emission power.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SNR versus output power for ~300 different fiber designs and pump power values. The inset shows the SNR and Pout for fiber lengths in the range from 0 m to 150 m (Pp = 10 mW, NA = 0.3, λc = 980 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectrum (SASE) of the superfluorescent fiber source for Pp = 10 mW, NA = 0.3, and λc = 980 nm. The fiber length is optimized for maximum SNR and output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Quantum efficiency as a function of cutoff wavelength with NA as the parameter. The fiber length is optimized for maximum SNR and output power, and the pump power is adjusted to give an output power of 1 mW.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d Q p ( z ) d z = [ γ e ( ν , z ) γ a ( ν , z ) ] Q p ( z ) ,
d q ± ( ν , z ) d z = ± [ γ e ( ν , z ) γ a ( ν , z ) ] q ± ( ν , z ) ± γ e ( ν , z ) ,
υ ± ( ν , z ) = [ q ± ( ν , z ) ] 2 + q ± ( ν , z ) .
SNR ± = [ 0 + q ± ( ν , z ) d ν ] 2 0 + v ± ( ν , z ) d ν 1 B ,

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